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U+6020, 怠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6020

[U+601F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6021]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈口心 (IRP) or X戈口心 (XIRP), four-corner 23336, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 381, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10469
  • Dae Jaweon: page 709, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2283, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6020

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰɯː
*l̥ʰɯː, *l'ɯː, *l'ɯː, *lɯ
*l̥ʰɯː
*l̥ʰɯː, *lɯ
*l̥ʰɯː
*l'ɯː
*l'ɯː
*l'ɯː, *l'ɯːʔ
*l'ɯː
*l'ɯː, *l'i
*l'ɯː
*l'ɯːʔ
*l'ɯːʔ
*l'ɯːʔ
紿 *l'ɯːʔ
*l'ɯːʔ, *lɯ
*l'ɯːʔ
*hlɯː
*lɯːʔ, *l̥ʰɯs, *lɯʔ
*slɯʔ
*ljɯ
*ljɯʔ
*l̥ʰɯ
*l̥ʰɯ, *hljɯ
*l̥ʰɯs, *lɯ
*l'ɯ, *l'ɯs, *l'is
*hljɯʔ
*lɯ
*lɯ
*lɯ
*lɯ
*li

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'ɯːʔ): phonetic  (OC *l̥ʰɯː, *l'ɯː, *l'ɯː, *lɯ) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dʌiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/dəiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɒiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəjX/
Li
Rong
/dᴀiX/
Wang
Li
/dɒiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑ̆iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dài
Middle
Chinese
‹ dojX ›
Old
Chinese
/*lˤəʔ/
English idle, negligent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12273
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ɯːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. idle; lazy; negligent

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 懶惰 (“lazy”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 懶惰
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 懶尸
Liudui (S. Sixian) 懶尸
Hsinchu (Hailu) 懶尸
Dongshi (Dabu) 懶尸
Zhuolan (Raoping) 懶尸
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 懶尸
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou 懶屍懶漢
Min Nan Xiamen 貧惰臭惰懶屍荏懶
Quanzhou 貧惰臭惰荏懶
Zhangzhou 貧惰臭惰懶屍荏懶
Taipei 荏懶貧惰懶屍
Kaohsiung 荏懶貧惰懶屍
Tainan 荏懶貧惰懶屍
Taichung 貧惰
Hsinchu 貧惰
Lukang 貧惰
Sanxia 荏懶貧惰懶屍
Yilan 荏懶貧惰懶屍
Kinmen 貧惰
Magong 貧惰
Penang 貧惰
Philippines (Manila) 貧惰
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 懶怕
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. neglect
  2. laziness

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(tae) (hangeul , revised tae, McCune-Reischauer t'ae, Yale thay)

  1. lazy
  2. neglect

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đãi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]