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U+C911, 중
HANGUL SYLLABLE JUNG
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:w-n-d

[U+C910]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C912]




죠 ←→ 줘

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (centre; middle), from the Middle Korean reading 듀ᇰ (Yale: tywùng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jung
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jung
McCune–Reischauer?chung
Yale Romanization?cwung

Noun[edit]

(jung) (hanja )

  1. average; intermediate (grade or class)
    Coordinate terms: 상(上) (sang, top), 하(下) (ha, last; lowest)
    Hypernym: 등급(等級) (deunggeup)
  2. medium; middle
    Coordinate terms: 대(大) (dae, large), 소(小) (so, small)
  3. the second volume of a three-volume set

Dependent noun[edit]

(jung) (hanja )

  1. in the course of; during
    식사 siksa junggone to lunch
    공사 gongsa jungunder construction
    회의 hoe-ui jungin a meeting
  2. amongst (often in the form 에서 (jung-eseo, from amongst))

Proper noun[edit]

(Jung) (hanja )

  1. Short for 중국(中國) (Jungguk, China).

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 쥬ᇰ〯 (Yale: cywǔng). Probably a divergent borrowing from some Chinese term.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕu(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jung
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jung
McCune–Reischauer?chung
Yale Romanization?cwūng

Noun[edit]

(jung)

  1. (somewhat derogatory) a Buddhist monk
Usage notes[edit]

(jung) is somewhat derogatory. 승려(僧侶) (seungnyeo) or 스님 (seunim) is to be preferred in almost all contexts.

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕu(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?jung
Revised Romanization (translit.)?jung
McCune–Reischauer?chung
Yale Romanization?cwūng

Prefix[edit]

중— (jung-) (hanja )

  1. heavy
    공업 (工業)junggong-eopheavy industry
  2. severe
    환자 (患者)junghwanjacritical patient
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(jung)

Extended content
  1. : center
    (eumhun reading: 가운데 (gaunde jung))
    (MC reading: (MC ʈɨuŋ, ʈɨuŋH))
  2. : heaviness
    (eumhun reading: 무거울 (mugeoul jung))
    (MC reading: (MC ɖɨoŋ, ɖɨoŋX, ɖɨoŋH))
  3. : group
    (eumhun reading: 무리 (muri jung))
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨuŋ, t͡ɕɨuŋH))
  4. : second
    (eumhun reading: 버금 (beogeum jung))
    (MC reading: (MC ɖɨuŋH))
  5. : group
    (eumhun reading: 무리 (muri jung))
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨuŋ, t͡ɕɨuŋH))

References[edit]

  • Supreme Court of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대법원, Daehanmin-guk daebeobwon) (2018). Table of hanja for personal names (인명용 한자표 / 人名用漢字表, inmyeong-yonghanjapyo), page 39. [1]
  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]