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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 184 +8, 17 strokes, cangjie input 人戈廿廿 (OITT), four-corner 88741, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1419, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1943, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4453, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9905

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *peŋʔ): semantic  ‎(food) + phonetic  (as in ); phonetic now simplified to .

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final: (121)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bǐng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/piᴇŋX/ /piɛŋX/ /piæŋX/ /piajŋX/ /piɛŋX/ /pĭɛŋX/ /pi̯ɛŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bǐng ‹ pjiengX › /*peŋʔ/ cake

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
934 0 /*peŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. biscuit, pastry, cookie
    /   ―  yuèbǐng  ―  mooncake
    曲奇 / 曲奇  ―  qūqíbǐng  ―  cookie
  2. any round and flat pancake-like object
    /   ―  ròubǐng  ―  meat patty

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Khmer: បាញ់ ‎(banh, cake, pastry)
  • Lao: ແປ້ງ ‎(pǣng, flour; starch; powder)
  • Thai: แป้ง ‎(bpɛ̂ɛng, powder; flour; starch)
  • Vietnamese: bánh ‎(pastry; cake; bread)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Mochi 002.jpg
Kanji in this term
もち
Grade: S
kun'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana もち, romaji mochi)

  1. mochi; rice cake

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(byeong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: byeong)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: tteok)
  1. cake

Vietnamese[edit]

Character[edit]

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(bánh)

  1. pastry, cake, bread, dumpling, noodle, wafer, or pudding

References[edit]