重箱

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Japanese[edit]

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Wikipedia ja
重箱 (jūbako, rare reading: kasanebako): square jūbako with lid.
重箱 (jūbako, rare reading: kasanebako): hexagonal jūbako used to serve food.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かさ(ね)
Grade: 3
はこ > ばこ
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Compound of 重ね ‎(kasane, a pile, a tier, a ply) +‎ ‎(hako, a box). The hako changes to bako due to rendaku (連濁).

This reading appears to be rare.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

重箱 ‎(hiragana かさねばこ, romaji kasanebako)

  1. (rare) tiered boxes for holding and presenting food, such as 弁当 ‎(bentō, bento) or New Year's お節 ‎(osechi, special dishes usually only served at the new year)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
じゅう
Grade: 3
はこ > ばこ
Grade: 3
jūbakoyomi

Origin less clear. Chinese-derived on'yomi ‎(, to stack) + Old Japanese ‎(hako, box). The hako changes to bako due to rendaku (連濁).

This is the standard reading for this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

重箱 ‎(hiragana じゅうばこ, romaji jūbako, historical hiragana ぢゆうばこ)

  1. tiered boxes for holding and presenting food, such as 弁当 ‎(bentō, bento) or New Year's お節 ‎(osechi, special dishes usually only served at the new year)
    These are traditionally made of wood and often lacquered, coming in sets designed to stack two, three, or even more layers high. Often square, jūbako may also come in different shapes. A set usually comes with a lid for the top layer.
Idioms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9