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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
仍-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人弓竹尸 (ONHS), four-corner 27227, composition)

  1. yet, still, as ever
  2. again
  3. keep -ing, continuing

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 92, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 361
  • Dae Jaweon: page 194, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 110, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4ECD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʐəŋ⁴⁴/
/ʐəŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /iŋ⁴⁵/
/ʐəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʐəŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʐəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʐəŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʐə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /və̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʐɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən²¹³/
Chengdu /zən³¹/
Guiyang /zen²¹/
Kunming /ʐə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʐən²⁴/
/ʐən²¹²/
Hefei /ʐən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao
Hohhot /ʐə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zeŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ʐən¹³/
Xiangtan /in¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /in¹¹/
Taoyuan /in¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ²¹/
Nanning /jeŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /jiŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zoŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zeŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵɨŋ/ /ȵʑi̯əŋ/ /ȵiəŋ/ /ȵɨŋ/ /ȵiŋ/ /ȵʑĭəŋ/ /ȵʑieŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
réng ‹ nying › /*nəŋ/ repeat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9342 0 /*njɯŋ/

Adverb[edit]

  1. still; yet

Verb[edit]

  1. to remain

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ing) (hangeul , revised ing, McCune-Reischauer ing)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhưng, nhăng, nhang, những, dưng, dừng, nhẳng, nhùng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]