lumen

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See also: lúmen

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lumen (light, an opening). Use as a unit was first adopted by French physicist André Blondel in 1894.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lumen (plural lumens or lumina)

  1. (physics) In the International System of Units, the derived unit of luminous flux; the light that is emitted in a solid angle of one steradian from a source of one candela. Symbol: lm.
  2. (anatomy) The cavity or channel within a tube or tubular organ.
  3. (botany) The cavity bounded by a plant cell wall.
  4. (medicine) The bore of a tube such as a hollow needle or catheter.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlumɛn]
  • Hyphenation: lu‧men

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lumen.

Noun[edit]

lumen m inan

  1. lumen (unit of luminous flux)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

lumen m anim

  1. capable talented person
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lumen in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lumen in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lumen.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlu(ː)men/, [ˈlu(ː)me̞n]
  • Rhymes: -umen
  • Syllabification(key): lu‧men

Noun[edit]

lumen

  1. (physics, anatomy, botany, medicine) lumen
Declension[edit]
Inflection of lumen (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
nominative lumen lumenit
genitive lumenin lumenien
lumeneiden
lumeneitten
partitive lumenia lumeneita
lumeneja
illative lumeniin lumeneihin
singular plural
nominative lumen lumenit
accusative nom. lumen lumenit
gen. lumenin
genitive lumenin lumenien
lumeneiden
lumeneitten
partitive lumenia lumeneita
lumeneja
inessive lumenissa lumeneissa
elative lumenista lumeneista
illative lumeniin lumeneihin
adessive lumenilla lumeneilla
ablative lumenilta lumeneilta
allative lumenille lumeneille
essive lumenina lumeneina
translative lumeniksi lumeneiksi
abessive lumenitta lumeneitta
instructive lumenein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of lumen (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative lumenini lumenini
accusative nom. lumenini lumenini
gen. lumenini
genitive lumenini lumenieni
lumeneideni
lumeneitteni
partitive lumeniani lumeneitani
lumenejani
inessive lumenissani lumeneissani
elative lumenistani lumeneistani
illative lumeniini lumeneihini
adessive lumenillani lumeneillani
ablative lumeniltani lumeneiltani
allative lumenilleni lumeneilleni
essive lumeninani lumeneinani
translative lumenikseni lumeneikseni
abessive lumenittani lumeneittani
instructive
comitative lumeneineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative lumenisi lumenisi
accusative nom. lumenisi lumenisi
gen. lumenisi
genitive lumenisi lumeniesi
lumeneidesi
lumeneittesi
partitive lumeniasi lumeneitasi
lumenejasi
inessive lumenissasi lumeneissasi
elative lumenistasi lumeneistasi
illative lumeniisi lumeneihisi
adessive lumenillasi lumeneillasi
ablative lumeniltasi lumeneiltasi
allative lumenillesi lumeneillesi
essive lumeninasi lumeneinasi
translative lumeniksesi lumeneiksesi
abessive lumenittasi lumeneittasi
instructive
comitative lumeneinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative lumenimme lumenimme
accusative nom. lumenimme lumenimme
gen. lumenimme
genitive lumenimme lumeniemme
lumeneidemme
lumeneittemme
partitive lumeniamme lumeneitamme
lumenejamme
inessive lumenissamme lumeneissamme
elative lumenistamme lumeneistamme
illative lumeniimme lumeneihimme
adessive lumenillamme lumeneillamme
ablative lumeniltamme lumeneiltamme
allative lumenillemme lumeneillemme
essive lumeninamme lumeneinamme
translative lumeniksemme lumeneiksemme
abessive lumenittamme lumeneittamme
instructive
comitative lumeneinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative lumeninne lumeninne
accusative nom. lumeninne lumeninne
gen. lumeninne
genitive lumeninne lumenienne
lumeneidenne
lumeneittenne
partitive lumenianne lumeneitanne
lumenejanne
inessive lumenissanne lumeneissanne
elative lumenistanne lumeneistanne
illative lumeniinne lumeneihinne
adessive lumenillanne lumeneillanne
ablative lumeniltanne lumeneiltanne
allative lumenillenne lumeneillenne
essive lumeninanne lumeneinanne
translative lumeniksenne lumeneiksenne
abessive lumenittanne lumeneittanne
instructive
comitative lumeneinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative lumeninsa lumeninsa
accusative nom. lumeninsa lumeninsa
gen. lumeninsa
genitive lumeninsa lumeniensa
lumeneidensa
lumeneittensa
partitive lumeniaan
lumeniansa
lumeneitaan
lumenejaan
lumeneitansa
lumenejansa
inessive lumenissaan
lumenissansa
lumeneissaan
lumeneissansa
elative lumenistaan
lumenistansa
lumeneistaan
lumeneistansa
illative lumeniinsa lumeneihinsa
adessive lumenillaan
lumenillansa
lumeneillaan
lumeneillansa
ablative lumeniltaan
lumeniltansa
lumeneiltaan
lumeneiltansa
allative lumenilleen
lumenillensa
lumeneilleen
lumeneillensa
essive lumeninaan
lumeninansa
lumeneinaan
lumeneinansa
translative lumenikseen
lumeniksensa
lumeneikseen
lumeneiksensa
abessive lumenittaan
lumenittansa
lumeneittaan
lumeneittansa
instructive
comitative lumeneineen
lumeneinensa
Alternative forms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlumen/, [ˈlume̞n]
  • Rhymes: -umen
  • Syllabification(key): lu‧men

Noun[edit]

lumen

  1. genitive singular of lumi

Anagrams[edit]

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lumen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lumen m (plural lumens)

  1. (physics) lumen (SI unit of measurement)
  2. (anatomy) lumen
  3. (botany) lumen

Further reading[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *louksmən, from Proto-Indo-European *léwksmn̥, derived from the root *lewk- (bright).[1]

Equivalent to lūx +‎ -men.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lūmen n (genitive lūminis); third declension

  1. light, source of light
    Synonym: lūx
  2. (poetic) the eyes
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 4.185:
      [...] nec dulcī dēclīnat lūmina somnō.
      [Rumor] never closes her eyes in sweet slumber.
  3. (poetic) daylight
  4. (poetic) brightness
  5. (poetic) the light of life
  6. An opening through which light can penetrate such as an air-hole or a window.
  7. The opening or orifice in a water-pipe or funnel
  8. (figuratively) a luminary, star, light (a most distinguished person)

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lūmen lūmina
Genitive lūminis lūminum
Dative lūminī lūminibus
Accusative lūmen lūmina
Ablative lūmine lūminibus
Vocative lūmen lūmina

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • lumen”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lumen”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lumen in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • lumen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lose one's sight: oculos, lumina amittere
    • to deprive a person of his eyes: luminibus orbare aliquem
    • to obscure the mental vision: mentis quasi luminibus officere (vid. sect. XIII. 6) or animo caliginem offundere
    • shining lights in the literary world: clarissima litterarum lumina
    • flowers of rhetoric; embellishments of style: lumina, flores dicendi (De Or. 3. 25. 96)
    • to obstruct a person's view, shut out his light by building: luminibus alicuius obstruere, officere
  1. ^ Jacqueline Picoche, Jean-Claude Rolland, Dictionnaire étymologique du français, Paris 2009, Dictionnaires Le Robert, →ISBN

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lumen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lumen m inan

  1. lumen (SI-unit)
  2. (archaic) display, explanation

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lumen in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • lumen in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lumen, French lumen. Doublet of the inherited lume.

Noun[edit]

lumen m (plural lumeni)

  1. (physics) lumen (SI unit of measurement)

Noun[edit]

lumen n (plural lumene)

  1. (anatomy) lumen

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lumen. Doublet of the inherited lumbre.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlumen/ [ˈlu.mẽn]
  • Rhymes: -umen
  • Syllabification: lu‧men

Noun[edit]

lumen m (plural lúmenes)

  1. lumen

Further reading[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lumen.

Noun[edit]

lumen

  1. lumen (singular and plural)

Anagrams[edit]