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luminare f

  1. Alternative form of luminari



  • IPA(key): /lu.miˈ
  • Rhymes: -are
  • Hyphenation: lu‧mi‧nà‧re

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin lūmināre (star” ← “light” ← “opening that lets light in).


luminare m (plural luminari)

  1. (obsolete) a shining heavenly body (especially said of the Sun and the Moon)
    • 1754, Niccolò Maria Bona, “Panegirico in onore de' SS. Cosma, e Damiano [Panegyric in honor of St. Cosmas and Damian]”, in Panegirici ed orazioni [Panegyrics and Prayers]‎[1], Venice: Giovanni Tevernin, page 89:
      maraviglia non è, ſe fino da' primieri lor anni [] ſì ſplendidamente eſſi folgoreggiaſſero, come i due luminari del Cielo
      it's no wonder that, ever since their early years, they were so magnificently blazing like the two lights of the sky [the Sun and the Moon]
  2. (figuratively) one who has achieved success in their field; leading light, luminary
  3. (archaeology) a vertical opening in a catacomb meant to let light and air inside
  4. (obsolete, rare) illumination, luminary
    Synonyms: illuminazione, lume, luminaria

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin lūmināre (to illuminate, brighten).


luminàre (first-person singular present lùmino, first-person singular past historic luminài, past participle luminàto, auxiliary avére)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) to illuminate, lighten, light up
    Synonym: illuminare
    Antonyms: abbuiare, offuscare, oscurare
    • c. 1340, Giovanni Boccaccio, Teseida, G. Laterza & Figli, published 1941, page 121:
      «O chiaro Febo, per cui luminato ¶ è tutto il mondo [] »
      "O bright Phoebus, by whom the whole world is lightened [] "
  2. (literary, rare, intransitive) to shine, glow [auxiliary avere]
    Synonym: risplendere
    • 1902, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Novelle della Pescara[2], published 2016, page 285:
      Una specie di mollezza esotica pareva spargersi nel tramonto. Sorgevano, nella fantasia popolare, le rive favoleggiate e luminavano.
      A sort of exotic softness seemed to be spreading in the sunset. In the popular imagination, the fantasized-upon coasts were rising and shining.




Etymology 1[edit]

From lūmen (light) +‎ -āris.


lūmināre n (genitive lūmināris); third declension

  1. (literally) That which gives light; enlightener
  2. a window-shutter, window (that lets light in)
  3. (Late Latin, in the plural) light, lamp (such as those lighted in churches in honor of martyrs)
  4. (Late Latin, in the plural) A luminary; especially a heavenly body.

Third-declension noun (neuter, “pure” i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lūmināre lūmināria
Genitive lūmināris lūminārium
Dative lūminārī lūmināribus
Accusative lūmināre lūmināria
Ablative lūminārī lūmināribus
Vocative lūmināre lūmināria
Related terms[edit]


  • luminare”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • luminare in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.



  1. inflection of lūminō:
    1. present active infinitive
    2. second-person singular present passive imperative/indicative



From lumina +‎ -re.


luminare f (plural luminări)

  1. act of lighting, illuminating, shining