單于

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See also: 单于

Chinese[edit]

 
bill; list; form; single; only; sole; (surname); chieftain
(surname)
trad. (單于)
simp. (单于)

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4 1/1
Initial () (25) (35)
Final () (77) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇn/ /ɦɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛn/ /ɦio/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjæn/ /ɣio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑian/ /ɦuə̆/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛn/ /ɣio/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛn/ /ɣĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛn/ /i̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyen › ‹ hju ›
Old
Chinese
/*dar/ (< *[d]ar) /*ɦʷa/ (< *ɢʷ(r)a)
English 單于 chányú: Xiōngnú ruler (W. Hàn) 單于 chányú: Xiōngnú ruler (W. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/4 1/1
No. 2027 15706
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djan/ /*ɢʷa/
Notes

Noun[edit]

單于

  1. chief of the Xiongnu

Proper noun[edit]

單于

  1. A surname​.