First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as Middle Korean ᄇᆞ얌 (Yale: po.yam). Also attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄇᆡ얌 (Yale: poyyam). See also the now obsolete uncontracted form 배암 (baeam).
Possibly cognate with Old Japanese 蛇 (pemi), modern Japanese 蛇 (hebi, “snake”).
- (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [pɛ(ː)m] ~ [pe̞(ː)m]
- Phonetic hangul: [뱀(ː)/벰(ː)]
- Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
|Revised Romanization (translit.)?||baem|
뱀 • (baem)
- snake, serpent