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U+8235, 舵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8235

[U+8234]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8236]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 137 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹卜十心 (HYJP), four-corner 23411, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1010, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30400
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1468, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3060, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8235

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰaːl, *l'aːl
*l̥ʰaːl, *l'aːlʔ
*l̥ʰaːl
*l̥ʰaːl, *ɦljaːl, *lal
*l̥ʰaːlʔ, *l'aːl, *l'aːlʔ
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl, *l'aːlʔ
*l'aːl
*l'aːl, *l'aːlʔ, *hlel, *lal, *l̥ʰoːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːlʔ
*l'aːlʔ
*ɦljaːl, *hljal

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tǒ/tō/tǒ͘ - literary;
  • tǒa/tōa/tǎi/tāi - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tuo⁵¹/
Harbin /tuo⁵³/
Tianjin /tuo⁵³/
Jinan /tuə²¹/
Qingdao /tuə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tuo³¹²/
Xi'an /tʰuo²¹/
Xining /tu²¹³/
Yinchuan /tʰuə⁵³/
/tuə¹³/
Lanzhou /tʰuə⁵³/
Ürümqi /tuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /tuo³⁵/
Chengdu /to¹³/
Guiyang /to²¹³/
Kunming /to²¹²/
Nanjing /to⁴⁴/
Hefei /tʊ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /tuɤ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /tuə⁵³/
Hohhot /tuɤ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /du²³/
Suzhou /dəu³¹/
Hangzhou /do¹³/
Wenzhou /dɤu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /to³⁵/
Tunxi /to²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /to⁵⁵/
/to¹¹/
Xiangtan /do²¹/
Gan Nanchang /tʰo²¹/
Hakka Meixian /tʰo¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʰo¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰɔ²¹/
Nanning /tʰɔ²⁴/
/tʰɔ²¹/
Hong Kong /tʰɔ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /to²²/
/tua²²/ 捍~
/tai²²/ ~公
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tuɑi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tuɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tua³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdua³³/
/ʔdai³³/
/ʔdo⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/daX/
Li
Rong
/dɑX/
Wang
Li
/dɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
duò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
duò
Middle
Chinese
‹ daX ›
Old
Chinese
/*lˤajʔ/ (~ *C.lˤajʔ)
English rudder; helm

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12225
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'aːlʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. rudder, helm

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. rudder, tiller, helm

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
かじ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

/kadi//kad͡ʑi/

From Old Japanese. This originally referred to a single oar-like device attached to the back of a small boat and swept from side to side to propel the boat forward. This was also used for steering, and over time, the “single back oar” sense was largely superseded by the “steering device” sense.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かじ, rōmaji kaji, historical hiragana かぢ)

  1. (nautical) the rudder of a boat or ship
  2. (nautical, aeronautics) the helm, tiller, or wheel of a boat or ship, or of an aircraft
  3. (figuratively) a position of leadership or control
  4. (nautical) a single oar-like device attached to the back of a small boat and swept from side to side to propel the boat forward

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ta) (hangeul , revised ta, McCune-Reischauer t'a, Yale tha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]