helm

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See also: Helm, hełm, hel'm, and helm'

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: hĕlm, IPA(key): /hɛlm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛlm

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English helm, helme, from Old English helma, from Proto-Germanic *helmô (handle). Compare German Holm (beam).

Noun[edit]

helm (plural helms)

  1. (nautical) The steering apparatus of a ship, especially the tiller or wheel.
    Synonyms: tiller, wheel
  2. (maritime) The member of the crew in charge of steering the boat.
    Synonym: helmsman
  3. (figuratively) A position of leadership or control.
    the helm of the Commonwealth
    • 2011 January 11, Jonathan Stevenson, “West Ham 2 - 1 Birmingham”, in BBC[2]:
      Grant will be desperate to finish the job of getting West Ham to their first Wembley cup final in 30 years when they meet Birmingham in the second leg at St Andrews on 26 January; though arguably of more pressing concern is whether he will still be at the helm for Saturday's Premier League encounter with Arsenal.
  4. One at the place of direction or control; a guide; a director.
  5. (obsolete, Britain, dialect) A helve.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

helm (third-person singular simple present helms, present participle helming, simple past and past participle helmed)

  1. To be a helmsman or a member of the helm; to be in charge of steering the boat.
    • (Can we date this quote by Tennyson and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      A wild wave [] overbears the bark, / And him that helms it.
  2. (by extension) To lead (a project, etc.).
    • 2014, Malcolm Jack, "John Grant with the Royal Northern Sinfonia review – positively spine-tingling", The Guardian, 1 December 2014:
      “I wanted to change the world, but I could not even change my underwear,” sings John Grant at the piano, in a luxuriant baritone croon as thick and healthy as his beard. It’s hard to reconcile the guy who once struggled to so much as put on clean pants back in the bad old days – well-storied, not least through his own songs – with the one warmly and gracefully helming this complex, prestigious production – the penultimate date on a tour of packed concert halls, backed by an orchestra.
    • c. 1603–1604, William Shakespeare, “Measvre for Measure”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene ii]:
      the business he hath helmed
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English helm, from Old English helm (helmet), Proto-Germanic *helmaz (protective covering), probably from Proto-Indo-European *ḱelmos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover; hide; protect); Compare West Frisian helm, Dutch helm, Low German Helm, German Helm, Danish, Norwegian hjelm.

Noun[edit]

helm (plural helms)

  1. (rare, poetic) A helmet.
    • (Can we date this quote by Merlin and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The kynge Ban be-gan to laugh vndir his helme.
    • 1927, Edgar Rice Burrows, The Outlaw of Torn[3], HTML edition, The Gutenberg Project, published 2008:
      "A fearful apparition," murmured Norman of Torn. "No wonder he keeps his helm closed."
  2. (heraldry) A helmet.
  3. A heavy cloud lying on the brow of a mountain.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

helm (plural helms)

  1. Alternative form of haulm (a straw)

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch helm.

Noun[edit]

helm (plural helms)

  1. helmet

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *hal(i)m, from Proto-Indo-European *sKel- (to cut (off)). Cognate to Old High German scalmo (plague, pestilence), Welsh claf (sick).[1]

Noun[edit]

helm m (indefinite plural helme, definite singular helmi, definite plural helmet)

  1. poison

References[edit]

  1. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7)‎[1] (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 198

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɦɛlm/, [ɦɛɫm], [hɛɫm], [ˈɦɛ.ləm], [ˈhɛ.ləm]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: helm
  • Rhymes: -ɛlm

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch *helm, from Proto-Germanic *helmaz. Compare West Frisian helm, Low German Helm, German Helm, Danish hjelm.

Noun[edit]

helm m (plural helmen, diminutive helmpje n)

  1. helmet
  2. (heraldry) helmet
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: helm

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

helm f or n (uncountable)

  1. European beachgrass, Ammophila arenaria
Derived terms[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Dutch helm.

Noun[edit]

helm (plural, first-person possessive helmku, second-person possessive helmmu, third-person possessive helmnya)

  1. helmet (protective head covering)

Ludian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Finnish helma.

Noun[edit]

helm

  1. hem

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English helm, from Proto-Germanic *helmaz.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

helm (plural helmes or helmen)

  1. A helmet; a piece of armoured headgear.
    • 1275, Layamon's Brut
      Luken sweord longe, leiden o þe helmen.
      (They drew their swords and put on their helms.)
    • 1475, An Apology for Lollard Doctrines, Attributed to Wycliffe
      Þe helm of hel and þe swerd of þe Spirit.
  2. (figuratively) Any kind of protection or safeguarding.
  3. (figuratively, rare) A soldier; a fighting-man.
  4. (rare, biblical) The crown of thorns that Jesus wore.
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English helma.

Noun[edit]

helm

  1. Alternative form of helme

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *helmaz (protective covering), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, to hide). Compare Old Frisian helm, Old Saxon helm, Old High German helm, Old Norse hjalmr, Gothic 𐌷𐌹𐌻𐌼𐍃 (hilms).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

helm m (nominative plural helmas)

  1. helmet
  2. protection, defense
  3. covering, crown
  4. summit, top (of trees)
  5. protector, lord

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *helmaz. Compare Old Saxon helm, Old English helm, Old Norse hjalmr, Gothic 𐌷𐌹𐌻𐌼𐍃 (hilms).

Noun[edit]

helm m

  1. helmet

Descendants[edit]