clown

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Clown

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier clowne, cloyne (man of rustic or coarse manners, boor, peasant), likely of North Germanic origin, akin to Icelandic klunni (clumsy fellow, klutz). Compare also North Frisian klönne (clumsy fellow, klutz), Dutch kluns (clumsy fellow). Unlikely from Latin colōnus (colonist, farmer), although learned awareness of this term may have influenced semantic development.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: kloun, IPA(key): /klaʊn/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʊn

Noun[edit]

A clown
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

clown (plural clowns)

  1. A slapstick performance artist often associated with a circus and usually characterized by bright, oversized clothing, a red nose, face paint, and a brightly colored wig.
    • 2008, Lich King, "Black Metal Sucks", Toxic Zombie Onslaught.
      Over there in Norway, the churches all burn down / Let's go dress in goth clothes and get painted like a clown
  2. A person who acts in a silly fashion.
  3. A stupid person.
    • 2013, Kim Stanley Robinson, The Gold Coast: Three Californias (Wild Shore Triptych; 2)‎[1], Tom Doherty Associates, →ISBN, page 122:
      Everything’s on the table, the specs are there in the RFP and can’t be changed by some clown in the Air Force who happens to come up with a new idea.
  4. (obsolete) A man of coarse nature and manners; an awkward fellow; an illbred person; a boor.
    • a. 1587, Philippe Sidnei [i.e., Philip Sidney], “(please specify the page number)”, in Fulke Greville, Matthew Gwinne, and John Florio, editors, The Covntesse of Pembrokes Arcadia [The New Arcadia], London: [] [John Windet] for William Ponsonbie, published 1590, OCLC 801077108; republished in Albert Feuillerat, editor, The Countesse of Pembrokes Arcadia (Cambridge English Classics: The Complete Works of Sir Philip Sidney; I), Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: University Press, 1912, OCLC 318419127:
      This loutish clown is such that you never saw so ill - favoured a vizar
    • 1700, Timothy Nourse, Campania Foelix, pp. 15–16
      [] three things ought always to be kept under: a mastiff dog, a stone horse and a clown; and really I think a snarling, cross-grained clown to be the most unlucky beast of three.
  5. (obsolete) One who works upon the soil; a rustic; a churl; a yokel.
    • 1782–1785, William Cowper, “(please specify the page)”, in The Task, a Poem, [], London: [] J[oseph] Johnson; [], OCLC 228757725:
      The clown, the child of nature, without guile.
    • August 25, 1759, Samuel Johnson, The Idler No. 71
      He [] began to descend to familiar questions, endeavouring to accommodate his discourse to the grossness of rustic understandings. The clowns soon found that he did not know wheat from rye, and began to despise him; one of the boys, by pretending to show him a bird's nest, decoyed him into a ditch; []
  6. A clownfish

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

clown (third-person singular simple present clowns, present participle clowning, simple past and past participle clowned)

  1. (intransitive) To act in a silly or playful fashion.
  2. (transitive, African-American Vernacular) To ridicule.
    • 2002, Vibe (volume 10, number 11, page 62)
      The show Dismissed was one of my favorites, because I like to see people get clowned.
    • 2017, Darrell Smith, Miracle Baby
      All my comrades were laughing and clowning me, but shit, that didn't stop me from talking more shit.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English clown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

clown m (plural clowns, diminutive clowntje n)

  1. clown (entertainer)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English clown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

clown m (plural clowns)

  1. clown (performer)
  2. clown (person who acts in a comic way)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

clown m (invariable)

  1. clown (artist)
    Synonym: pagliaccio

References[edit]

  1. ^ clown in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

clown m pers

  1. (comedy) Alternative spelling of klaun.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • clown in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • clown in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Spanish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English clown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

clown m (plural clownes)

  1. clown (circus performance artist)
    Synonym: payaso

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English clown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

clown c

  1. clown

Declension[edit]

Declension of clown 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative clown clownen clowner clownerna
Genitive clowns clownens clowners clownernas

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English clown.

Noun[edit]

clown m (plural clowniaid)

  1. clown

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • closwn (colloquial, first-person singular conditional)

Verb[edit]

clown

  1. first-person plural present/future of cloi
  2. first-person singular imperfect/conditional of cloi
  3. (literary) first-person plural imperative of cloi

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
clown glown nghlown chlown
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.