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See also:
U+919C, 醜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-919C

[U+919B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+919D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 164, +10, 17 strokes, cangjie input 一田竹山戈 (MWHUI), four-corner 16613, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1286, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39969
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1786, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3590, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+919C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰjuʔ, *lu
*ʔslu
*sklu, *sɡlu
*sklu, *sɡlu
*sklu
*ʔsluʔ
*sklus
*skʰlu
*skʰlu
*skʰlu, *skʰluŋs
*sɡlu
*sɡlu
*sɡlu
*sɡlu
*l̥ʰjuʔ
*klus, *lu, *lus
*lu
*lu, *luʔ, *lus
*lu
*lu, *sruɡ
*lu
*lu, *luʔ
*luʔ, *lus
*luʔ
*luʔ
*luʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: thiú/thiúⁿ - originally 丑, most likely from the influence of the simplified character.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰuwX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chǒu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǒu chǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhuwX › ‹ tsyhuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*t.qʰuʔ/ /*t.qʰuʔ/
English ugly; evil category

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15565
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰjuʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ugly; homely; hideous
  2. shameful; disgraceful

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“ugly”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 醜陋
Mandarin Beijing 難看, 寒磣,
Taiwan 難看,
Jinan 難看,
Xi'an 難看, , 不心疼
Wuhan , 不好看
Chengdu 難看,
Yangzhou 難看,
Hefei 難看, , 相壞
Cantonese Guangzhou 難睇, , 醜怪, 樣衰, 醜樣, 肉酸, 核突
Hong Kong 難睇, , 醜怪, 樣衰, 醜樣, 肉酸, 核突
Yangjiang 惡看, 醜鬼
Gan Nanchang 不客氣, 難看
Hakka Meixian 難看, 難睞,
Miaoli (N. Sixian) ,
Liudui (S. Sixian) ,
Hsinchu (Hailu) ,
Dongshi (Dabu) ,
Hsinchu (Raoping) ,
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 難看,
Min Bei Jian'ou 驚人, 毛格式, 生得呆
Min Dong Fuzhou 驚儂, , 伓好看, 生得呆
Min Nan Xiamen 歹看, 㾀勢
Quanzhou 歹看, 㾀勢
Zhangzhou 䆀看, 㾀勢
Taipei 歹看, , 䆀才, , 䆀猴, 㾀勢
Kaohsiung 歹看
Philippines (Manila) 歹看, 㾀勢
Chaozhou 孬睇, 野樣,
Wu Suzhou 難看,
Wenzhou 難覷, 否好覷,
Xiang Changsha , 不好看
Shuangfeng , 不好看

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. ugly
  2. shameful, disgraceful

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅう, rōmaji shū)

  1. ugliness

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chu) (hangeul , revised chu, McCune–Reischauer ch'u, Yale chwu)

  1. ugly looking, homely
  2. disgraceful

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xấu, xổ, , , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.