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See also:
U+919C, 醜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-919C

[U+919B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+919D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 164 +10, 17 strokes, cangjie input 一田竹山戈 (MWHUI), four-corner 16613, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1286, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39969
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1786, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3590, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+919C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰjuʔ, *lu
*ʔslu
*sklu, *sɡlu
*sklu, *sɡlu
*sklu
*ʔsluʔ
*sklus
*skʰlu
*skʰlu
*skʰlu, *skʰluŋs
*sɡlu
*sɡlu
*sɡlu
*sɡlu
*l̥ʰjuʔ
*klus, *lu, *lus
*lu
*lu, *luʔ, *lus
*lu
*lu, *sruɡ
*lu
*lu, *luʔ
*luʔ, *lus
*luʔ
*luʔ
*luʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: thiú/thiúⁿ - originally 丑, most likely from the influence of the simplified character.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰuwX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǒu chǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhuwX › ‹ tsyhuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*t.qʰuʔ/ /*t.qʰuʔ/
English ugly; evil category

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15565
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰjuʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ugly; homely; hideous
  2. shameful; disgraceful

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“ugly”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 醜陋
Mandarin Beijing 難看寒磣
Taiwan 難看
Jinan 難看
Xi'an 難看不心疼
Wuhan 不好看
Chengdu 難看
Yangzhou 難看
Hefei 難看
Cantonese Guangzhou 難睇醜怪樣衰醜樣肉酸
Yangjiang 惡看醜鬼
Gan Nanchang 不客氣難看
Hakka Meixian 難看難睞
Jin Taiyuan 難看
Min Bei Jian'ou 驚人毛格式生得呆
Min Dong Fuzhou 驚儂伓好看生得呆
Min Nan Xiamen 歹看㾀勢
Quanzhou 歹看
Zhangzhou 䆀看
Taipei 歹看䆀才䆀猴㾀勢
Kaohsiung 歹看
Philippines (Manila) 歹看
Chaozhou 孬睇野樣
Wu Suzhou 難看
Wenzhou 難覷否好覷
Xiang Changsha 不好看
Shuangfeng 不好看

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. ugly
  2. shameful, disgraceful

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅう, rōmaji shū)

  1. ugliness

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chu) (hangeul , revised chu, McCune-Reischauer ch'u, Yale chwu)

  1. ugly looking, homely
  2. disgraceful

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xấu, xổ, , , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.