醜女

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
おんな
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of (bu, ugly) +‎ (onna, woman).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

醜女 (hiragana ぶおんな, romaji buonna, historical hiragana ぶをんな)

  1. an ugly woman
Synonyms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

For the generic “ugly woman” sense, the buonna reading may be more common. The shikome reading carries overtones of supernatural terror, and may be perceived as somewhat old-fashioned. The shūjo reading is the least common, and may be the most stilted; it is also the most negative of the three readings.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しこ
Grade: S

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of (shiko, ugly; ferocious) +‎ (me, woman).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

醜女 (hiragana しこめ, romaji shikome)

  1. an ugly demon-woman or hag from the underworld
    • 931-938, Wamyō Ruijushō (book 1 page 44-45)
      醜女 日本紀私紀云、醜女、志古女、欽明或説黄泉之鬼也、今世人爲恐小兒稱許々女者此語之訛也。
  2. an ugly woman
Synonyms[edit]

(ugly woman):

Usage notes[edit]

For the generic “ugly woman” sense, the buonna reading may be more common. The shikome reading carries overtones of supernatural terror, and may be perceived as somewhat old-fashioned. The shūjo reading is the least common, and may be the most stilted; it is also the most negative of the three readings.

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅう
Grade: S
じょ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 醜女 (tsyhuwX nrjoX, literally ugly + woman). Compare modern Mandarin reading chǒu nǚ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

醜女 (hiragana しゅうじょ, romaji shūjo, historical hiragana しうぢよ)

  1. an ugly woman
Synonyms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

For the generic “ugly woman” sense, the buonna reading may be more common. The shikome reading carries overtones of supernatural terror, and may be perceived as somewhat old-fashioned. The shūjo reading is the least common, and may be the most stilted; it is also the most negative of the three readings.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9