Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(two dogs) +  ‎(words) (㹜 = + , two forms of “dog”). A place where dogs are barking (言) at each other, a jail with guard dogs.

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大竹卜口大 (KHYRK), four-corner 43234, composition)

  1. prison, jail
  2. case
  3. lawsuit

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 717, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20603
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1128, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1365, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+7344

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y²⁴/
Xi'an /y²¹/
Xining /y⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
/y¹³/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /y⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /iɦoʔ⁵/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ȵioʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦioʔ²/
Wenzhou /ȵo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /niu²²/
Tunxi /ȵiu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʐəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ŋiuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
Nanning /juk̚²²/
Hong Kong /juk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giɔk̚⁵/
/gak̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋy⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /gek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋuawk̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋiok̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]rok/
English lawsuit; prison

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16032
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋoɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. prison

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ごく
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ngjowk, prison).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ごく, romaji goku)

  1. prison

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひとや
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(hito, human) +‎ ‎(ya, house).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひとや, romaji hitoya)

  1. prison

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ok) (hangeul , revised ok, McCune-Reischauer ok, Yale ok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngục)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: ngục

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999