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U+670B, 朋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-670B

[U+670A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+670C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 74 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月月 (BB), four-corner 77220, composition月)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 504, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14340
  • Dae Jaweon: page 883, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2050, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+670B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
朋-oracle.svg 朋-bronze.svg 朋-slip.svg 鳳-ancient.svg 朋-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯːŋ
*pɯːŋs, *pʰɯːŋ, *bɯːŋ
*pʰɯːŋ
*pʰɯːŋʔ, *bɯːŋ, *bɯːŋs
*bɯːŋ
*bɯːŋ
*bɯːŋ, *brɯːŋ, *brɯːŋ
*bɯːŋ
*pɯŋ
*bɯŋ
*brɯːŋ, *brɯːŋ
*prɯːŋ, *prɯːŋ
*pʰrɯːŋ, *brɯːŋ

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /pʰəŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /pʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /pʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰoŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /pʰoŋ²¹/
Kunming /pʰoŋ¹/
Nanjing /pʰən²⁴/
Hefei /pʰəŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /bã²³/
Suzhou /bən¹³/
Hangzhou /boŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /boŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /poŋ³³/
Xiangtan /bən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰuŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /pʰen¹¹/
Taoyuan /pʰen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /pʰɐŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /paiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰeŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /foŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (129)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bəŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/bəŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/bəŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bəŋ/
Li
Rong
/bəŋ/
Wang
Li
/bəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱəŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
péng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
péng
Middle
Chinese
‹ bong ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˤəŋ/
English set of cowries; friend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9663
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. unit of shell money; various theories exist about the exact amount
  2. friend
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とも, rōmaji tomo)

  1. Alternative form of

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bung) (hangeul , revised bung, McCune-Reischauer pung, Yale pung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bằng, bẵng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.