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See also: -faction and fraction


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Etymology 1[edit]

PIE root

Borrowing from Middle French faction, from Latin factiō ‎(a group of people acting together, a political faction), noun of process from perfect passive participle factus, from faciō ‎(do, make). Doublet of fashion.


faction ‎(plural factions)

  1. A group of people, especially within a political organization, which expresses a shared belief or opinion different from people who are not part of the group.
    • 1748, David Hume, “Of Parties in General — How factions arise and contend.”, in Essays, Moral and Political:
      Real factions may be divided into those from interest, from principle, and from affection
  2. Strife; discord.
    • 1805, Johann Georg Cleminius, Englisches Lesebuch für Kaufleute, pg. 188:
      Publick [sic] affairs soon fell into the utmost confusion, and in this state of faction and perplexity, the island continued, until its re-capture by the French in 1779.
    • 2001, Odd Magne Bakke, "Concord and Peace": A Rhetorical Analysis of the First Letter of Clement With an Emphasis on the Language of Unity and Sedition, publ. Mohr Siebeck, ISBN 3161476379, pg. 89:
      He asks the audience if they believe that they will be more loved by the gods if the city is in a state of faction than if they govern the city with good order and concord.
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Etymology 2[edit]

Blend of fact +‎ fiction.


faction ‎(plural factions)

  1. A form of literature, film etc., that treats real people or events as if they were fiction; a mix of fact and fiction
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Borrowing from Latin factiō, factiōnem. Compare façon, which is inherited rather than borrowed.



faction f ‎(plural factions)

  1. act of keeping watch
  2. a watchman
  3. (politics) a faction; specifically one which causes trouble

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