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U+76DF, 盟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-76DF

[U+76DE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+76E0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 108, +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 日月月廿 (ABBT), four-corner 67107, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 795, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23024
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1210, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2565, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+76DF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𥁰
𧖸
𥂗
𧖽
𢄾

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
盟-oracle.svg 盟-bronze.svg 盟-seal.svg 盟-bigseal.svg

Oracle bone script (𥁰): Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mraŋ, *mraːŋs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *maŋʔ).

Bronze inscriptions (𥂗): Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mraŋ, *mraːŋs): phonetic  + semantic . was added to 𥁰. is an ancient from of , and now this character () is a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mraŋ, *mraːŋs): phonetic  (OC *mraŋ) + semantic .

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 盟 (同)
Mandarin Beijing /məŋ³⁵/
Harbin /məŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /məŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /məŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /məŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /məŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /məŋ²⁴/
Xining /mə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /məŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /məñ⁵³/
Ürümqi /mɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /min²¹³/
Chengdu /min³¹/
/moŋ³¹/
Guiyang /min²¹/
/moŋ²¹/
Kunming /moŋ³¹/
Nanjing /mən²⁴/
Hefei /məŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /məŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /miŋ¹³/
/məŋ¹³/
Hohhot /məŋ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /məŋ²³/
Suzhou /mən¹³/
Hangzhou /men²¹³/
Wenzhou /meŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /miʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /man⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /min¹³/
Xiangtan /min¹²/
Gan Nanchang /min⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /men¹¹/
Taoyuan /men¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /mɐŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /mɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /biŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /meiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /meŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /moŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (4)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/miaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miajŋ/
Li
Rong
/miɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/mĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
míng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
méng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/
English covenant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9189
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to swear; to pledge
  2. oath; covenant; alliance
  3. league (administrative unit in Inner Mongolia)

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (4)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/maŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/maɨjŋH/
Li
Rong
/mɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/mɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mèng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9190
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 盟津, alternative form of 孟津 (Mèngjīn).

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. alliance

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(maeng) (hangeul , revised maeng, McCune–Reischauer maeng, Yale mayng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(minh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.