使者

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Chinese[edit]

 
to make; to cause; to enable
to make; to cause; to enable; to use; to employ; messenger
‑ist, ‑er (person); person (who does sth)
simp. and trad.
(使者)
使

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character 使
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Initial () (21) (23)
Final () (19) (100)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃɨH/ /t͡ɕiaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃɨH/ /t͡ɕiaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃieH/ /t͡ɕiaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂɨH/ /ciaX/
Li
Rong
/ʃiəH/ /t͡ɕiaX/
Wang
Li
/ʃĭəH/ /t͡ɕĭaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂiH/ /t͡ɕi̯aX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì zhě
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
si3 ze2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 使
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǐ zhě
Middle
Chinese
‹ sriH › ‹ tsyæX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-rəʔ-s/ /*tAʔ/
English envoy (nominalizing particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 使
Reading # 2/2 1/1
No. 11491 16960
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𩢲
Old
Chinese
/*srɯs/ /*tjaːʔ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

使者

  1. herald; messenger; emissary; envoy (Classifier: )
    使者  ―  pài shǐzhě  ―  to dispatch an envoy

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (使者):
  • Japanese: 使()(しゃ) (shisha)
  • Korean: 사자 (使者, saja)
  • Vietnamese: sứ giả (使者)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
使

Grade: 3
しゃ
Grade: 3
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
使者 (kyūjitai)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 使者 (MC ʃɨH t͡ɕiaX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

使()(しゃ) (shisha

  1. herald, messenger
  2. emissary, envoy

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term
使

Noun[edit]

使者 (saja) (hangeul 사자)

  1. Hanja form? of 사자 (envoy; emissary; messenger).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term
使

Noun[edit]

使者

  1. Hán tự form of sứ giả (envoy; emissary).