社會

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Chinese[edit]

society; group
 
to meet; to gather; group; to assemble; association; be able to; be likely to; to balance an account; accounting
trad. (社會)
simp. (社会)
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Etymology[edit]

Wasei kango (和製漢語), from Japanese 社会 (しゃかい) ‎(shakai, society), semantically readapted from Chinese 社會社会 (“public gathering where people offer to the earth god”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (社會, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (25)
Final: (100)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shè
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑiaX/ /d͡ʑiaX/ /d͡ʑiaX/ /d͡ʑiaX/ /ʑiaX/ /ʑĭaX/ /ʑi̯aX/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (33)
Final: (26)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: huì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦuɑiH/ /ɦʷɑiH/ /ɣuɑiH/ /ɦwajH/ /ɣuɑiH/ /ɣuɑiH/ /ɣuɑiH/

Noun[edit]

社會

  1. society
    理想社會 / 理想社会  ―  lǐxiǎng shèhuì  ―  ideal society
    社會秩序 / 社会秩序  ―  shèhuì zhìxù  ―  social order
    社會名人 / 社会名人  ―  shèhuì míngrén  ―  public figure
    回饋社會 / 回馈社会  ―  huíkuì shèhuì  ―  to give back to society
    社會經濟發展 / 社会经济发展  ―  shèhuì jīngjì fāzhǎn  ―  socio-economic development
  2. class; the world of a certain group of people

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (社會):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゃ
Grade: 2
かい
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

社會 ‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 社会, hiragana しゃかい, romaji shakai)

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of 社会.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

社會 ‎(sahoe) ‎(hangeul 사회)

  1. Hanja form? of 사회, “society”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

社會

  1. Hán tự form of xã hội, "society"