社會

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: 社会

Chinese[edit]

soil god; ceremony for offering to the soil god
 
to meet; to gather; group; to assemble; association; be able to; be likely to; to balance an account; accounting
trad. (社會)
simp. (社会)
anagram 會社会社
Wikipedia has an article on:
社會

Etymology[edit]

Wasei kango (和製漢語), borrowed from Japanese  (しゃ) (かい) (shakai, society), semantically readapted from Chinese 社會社会 (“public gathering for offering to the earth god”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (25) (33)
Final () (100) (26)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiaX/ /ɦuɑiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiaX/ /ɦʷɑiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiaX/ /ɣuɑiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiaX/ /ɦwajH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiaX/ /ɣuɑiH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭaX/ /ɣuɑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯aX/ /ɣuɑiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shè huì

Noun[edit]

社會

  1. society (aggregate of people living together); community
    理想社會 / 理想社会  ―  lǐxiǎng shèhuì  ―  ideal society
    社會秩序 / 社会秩序  ―  shèhuì zhìxù  ―  social order
    社會名人 / 社会名人  ―  shèhuì míngrén  ―  public figure
    回饋社會 / 回馈社会  ―  huíkuì shèhuì  ―  to give back to society
    社會經濟發展 / 社会经济发展  ―  shèhuì jīngjì fāzhǎn  ―  socio-economic development
    半殖民地半封建社會 [MSC, trad.]
    半殖民地半封建社会 [MSC, simp.]
    bànzhímíndì bànfēngjiàn shèhuì [Pinyin]
    semicolonial and semifeudal society
  2. class (world of a certain group of people)

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Use 社會社会 when referring to society as an "aggregate of people living together". When society in the sense of "organization or club" is meant, use 社團社团 (shètuán) or 協會协会 (xiéhuì).

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (社會):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゃ
Grade: 2
かい
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

社會 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 社会, hiragana しゃかい, rōmaji shakai)

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of 社会 (society)

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

社會 (sahoe) (hangeul 사회)

  1. Hanja form? of 사회, “society”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

社會

  1. Hán tự form of xã hội, “society