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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
社-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈火土 (IFG), four-corner 34210, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 839, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24631
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1257, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2386, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+793E

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (社), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 麻
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 常者切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiaX/ /ʑi̯aX/ /ʑiaX/ /d͡ʑiaX/ /d͡ʑiaX/ /ʑĭaX/ /d͡ʑiaX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shè ‹ dzyæX › /*m-tʰAʔ/ sacrifice to the spirit of the soil

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12497 0 /*ɦljaːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. god of the soil and altars to him
  2. group of families
  3. company, society

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 社員 ‎(しゃいん, shain)
  • 社会 ‎(しゃかい, shakai)
  • 社交 ‎(しゃこう, shakō)
  • 社寺 ‎(しゃじ, shaji)
  • 社稷 ‎(しゃしょく, shashoku)
  • 社団 ‎(しゃだん, shadan)
  • 社長 ‎(しゃちょう, shachō)
  • 副社長 ‎(ふくしゃちょう, hukushachō)
  • 愛社精神 ‎(あいしゃせいしん, aishaseishin)
  • 会社 ‎(かいしゃ, kaisha)
  • 会社員 ‎(かいしゃいん, kaishain)
  • 支社 ‎(ししゃ, shisha)
  • 神社 ‎(じんじゃ, jinja)
  • 入社 ‎(にゅうしゃ, nyūsha)
  • 退社 ‎(たいしゃ, taisha)
  • 本社 ‎(ほんしゃ, honsha)
  • 末社 ‎(まっしゃ, massha)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana やしろ, romaji yashiro)

  1. a shrine

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana しゃ, romaji -sha)

  1. Abbreviation of 会社 (かいしゃ kaisha) "company."; co.
  2. When in parentheses, an abbreviation of 社団法人 (しゃだんほうじん shadan hōjin), a type of incorporated association.

Coordinate terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. rural commune (administrative subdivision of Vietnam)

Compounds[edit]