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U+5540, 啀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5540

[U+553F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5541]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口一土土 (RMGG) or X口一土土 (XRMGG), four-corner 61014, composition)

  1. gnaw

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 194, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3789
  • Dae Jaweon: page 414, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 638, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5540

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kreː, *kreː
*ɡreː, *ɡreː, *ɡreː
*ŋreː, *ŋreːʔ
*kreː
*ɡreː, *kʷeː, *kʰʷeː
*ŋreː, *ŋre
*ŋreː, *ŋre
*ŋreː
*ŋreː
*ŋreː
*ŋreːs
*qreː
*qreː, *qʷraː, *kʷeː
*qreː, *qʷraː
*ɡeː, *kʷeː
*qeːns
*ɡʷraːʔ
*ɡʷraːʔ, *ɡʷreːs, *ɡʷeː
*ɡʷraːʔ, *qʰʷe
*qʷraː, *qʷreː
*qʷraː
*kʷreːs
*kʷreːs
*kʷreːs
詿 *kʷreːs, *ɡʷreːs
*kʷreːs, *ɡʷreːs, *kʷeːs
*kʰʷreː, *ɡʷreːs
*ɢʷreː, *qʷreː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː, *ɡʷeː
*kʷeː, *kʰʷeː
*kʷeːs
*kʷeːs
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*qʰʷeː
*ɡʷeː
*ɡʷeː, *sqʰʷe, *qʰʷe, *qʰʷi
*qʷeː, *kʰʷeːŋʔ
*kʰʷeʔ
*qʷes
*qʰʷreɡ

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (31)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠɛ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚæ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋæi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaɨj/
Li
Rong
/ŋɛ/
Wang
Li
/ŋai/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋai/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4537
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋreː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to gnaw
  2. (Cantonese) to shout, yell, scold

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ae) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.