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U+9774, 靴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9774

[U+9773]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9775]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 177, +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿十人心 (TJOP), four-corner 44510, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1385, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42729
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1900, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4327, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+9774

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • Boot (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hʷa): semantic  (leather) + phonetic  (OC *hŋʷraːls).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hia - vernacular;
  • hio - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • xya1 - vernacular;
    • xye1 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕyɛ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕyɛ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕye²¹/
    Jinan /ɕyə²¹³/
    Qingdao /ɕyə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ɕyɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕyɛ²¹/
    Xining /ɕyu⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕye⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ɕyə³¹/
    Ürümqi /ɕyɤ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /ɕye⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /ɕye⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ɕie⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ɕye³¹/
    Hefei /sz̩ʷ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕye¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕye̞¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕye³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕyø⁵³/
    Suzhou /ɕio⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷ³³/
    Wenzhou /ɕy³³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕya³¹/
    Tunxi /ɕyɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕye³³/
    /ɕya³³/
    Xiangtan /ɕyɒ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕye⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /hio⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /hio²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hœ⁵³/
    Nanning /hœ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /hœ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hia⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuo⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiɔ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hia³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xue²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (97)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie 𦚢
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hɨuɑ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hʷiɑ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xiuɑ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hua/
    Li
    Rong
    /xiuɑ/
    Wang
    Li
    /xĭuɑ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xi̯wɑ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xuē
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5324
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hʷa/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. boot (footwear)

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    ⟨kutu⟩: */kutu//kut͡su/

    From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū poetry compilation, completed circa 759.[1]

    Ultimate derivation unclear. Some Japanese sources suggest a borrowing from or cognate with Korean 구두 (gudu, “shoes”), but then some Korean sources suggest that the Korean term was borrowed from Japanese (kutsu, “shoes”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (くつ) (kutsu

    1. footwear, footgear: a shoe, (a pair of) shoes
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3399), text here:
        信濃道者 伊麻能波里美知 可里婆祢尓 安思布麻之<奈牟> 久都波氣和我世
        (しな)()()は  (いま)()(みち)  ()りばねに  (あし)()ましなむ  (くつ)はけ()()
        shinanuji wa ima no harimichi karibane ni ashi fumashinamu kutsu hake wagase
        the Shinano road has just been opened; wear shoes, my brother / my dear, so you do not step on the brush stubble [in your bare feet]

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (hwa) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

    1. (가죽 화, gajuk-sin-): footwear made of leather

    Compounds[edit]


    Okinawan[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Attested in the 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”) as ふや.[1]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ふや, romaji fuya)

    1. shoe

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/33

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ngoa)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.