Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+67F5, 柵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-67F5

[U+67F4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+67F6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 木月廿 (DBT), four-corner 47940, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 521, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14665
  • Dae Jaweon: page 909, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1187, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+67F5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • Cantonese

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Initial () (21) (19) (19)
    Final () (69) (115) (119)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open Open
    Division () II III II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠanH/ /t͡ʃʰˠiæk̚/ /t͡ʃʰˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚanH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚiak̚/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃɐnH/ /t͡ʃʰiak̚/ /t͡ʃʰɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂaɨnH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiajk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂʰəɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃanH/ /t͡ʃʰiɐk̚/ /t͡ʃʰɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃanH/ /t͡ʃʰĭɐk̚/ /t͡ʃʰæk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂanH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiɐk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂʰæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shàn chi che

    Definitions[edit]

    1. fence
    2. palisade

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 柵極栅极 and 光柵光栅 (guāngshān).

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 上柵上栅 and 下柵下栅, place names in Zhongshan, Guangdong.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. stockade
    2. fence
    3. weir
    4. entwine around

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    さく
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ʃʰˠiæk̚). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana さく, rōmaji saku)

    1. fence
    2. (by extension) fort, fortress
    3. paling, railing
    Synonyms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana さく, rōmaji Saku)

    1. A surname​.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /ki2/ invalid IPA characters (2)/ki/

    From Old Japanese.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ki)

    1. fort, fortress (surrounded with a wall, moat, etc.)
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    くえ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /kupe1/ invalid IPA characters (1)/kupe//kufe//kuwe//kue/

    From Old Japanese.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana くえ, rōmaji kue, historical hiragana くへ)

    1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) fence
      c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3537), text here
       () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
      くへ ()しに (むぎ) ()小馬 (こうま)のはつはつに (あひ) () ()らしあやに (かな)しも [Modern spelling]
      kue-goshi ni mugi hamu kouma no hatsu-hatsu ni aimishi korashi aya ni kanashi mo
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しがらみ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /siɡarami1/ invalid IPA characters (1)/siɡarami//ɕiɡarami/

    The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 柵む (shigaramu, entangle). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana しがらみ, rōmaji shigarami)

    1. weir
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 2, poem 197)
         () () () (がは) () () () () (わた) ()塞益 (せかませ) () (ながる) () (みづ) () () () () () (あら) () () [Man'yōgana]
         () () () (がは)しがらみ (わた) ()かませば (なが)るる (みづ)ものどにかあらまし [Modern spelling]
        Asuka-gawa shigarami watashi sekamaseba nagaruru mizu mo nodo ni ka aramashi
        Asuka River―if one were to fence the stream, blocking it with weirs, surely the rushing water would lie calm within its banks.[2]
      905, Kokin Wakashū, (book 5, poem 303; also Hyakunin Isshu, poem 32)
      山川 (やまがは) (かぜ)のかけたるしがらみ (なが)れもあへぬ紅葉 (もみぢ)なりけり
      yamagawa ni kaze no kaketaru shigarami wa nagare mo aenu momiji nari keri
      the autumn leaves are unable to resist the current flowing past the weir built by the wind in the deep mountain river.[3]
    2. ties, bonds (e.g. family ties)
    3. obstacles
    Synonyms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana しがらみ, rōmaji Shigarami)

    1. A surname​.

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ Edwin A. Cranston (1998) The Gem-Glistening Cup, Stanford University Press, →ISBN, page 217
    3. ^ Laurel Rasplica Rodd; Mary Catherine Henkenius (1996) Kokinshū: A Collection of Poems Ancient and Modern, reprint edition, Cheng & Tsui, →ISBN, page 134

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (chaek) (hangeul , revised chaek, McCune–Reischauer ch'aek, Yale chayk)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: sách

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]