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U+5960, 奠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5960

[U+595F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5961]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 37, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿田大 (TWK), four-corner 80430, composition)

Derived glyphs[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 253, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5960
  • Dae Jaweon: page 514, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 546, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5960

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
奠-oracle.svg 奠-bronze.svg 奠-seal.svg 奠-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*diːŋs
*deŋs
*deɡ
*deɡ

Oracle bone script: Pictogram (象形) – an alcohol vessel () placed on a mat ().

In the bronze inscriptions, two strokes () were sometimes added above the alcohol vessel, representing overflowing alcohol; this is inherited in the small seal script as . In some bronze inscriptions, two horizontal strokes were sometimes also added below the line representing a mat; the strokes sometimes were changed to something like . These two strokes then fused with the mat to give (a table with two legs) in the small seal script. later evolved into by process of libian (隸變).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (7)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/denH/
Pan
Wuyun
/denH/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɛnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɛnH/
Li
Rong
/denH/
Wang
Li
/dienH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱienH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
diàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
diàn diàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ denH › ‹ denH ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-tˤe[n]-s/ /*m-tˤe[n]-s/
English be fixed (v.i.) set forth (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2351
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*diːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to make offerings to the dead
  2. to establish

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (5)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/teŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/teŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛjŋH/
Li
Rong
/teŋH/
Wang
Li
/tieŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tieŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dìng

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (dìng).
  2. fake

Pronunciation 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“proper noun sense”).
(This character, , is an ancient form of .)

Notes[edit]

Usage seen in oracle bone and bronze inscriptions.

Pronunciation 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to stop; to halt; to park”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Pronunciation 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to respect; to revere; to venerate; to honor”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune–Reischauer chŏn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(điện)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.