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U+7387, 率
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7387

[U+7386]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7388]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 95, +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜戈人十 (YIOJ), four-corner 00403, composition ⿱⿻ or ⿳丿)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 725, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20817
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 289, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7387

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a net to capture birds. 冫幺冫is the net, and the top and bottom is the stick.

Etymology[edit]

“to lead”
See .

Pronunciation 1[edit]



BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwit ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ut/
English norm, standard

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 8605
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rud/

Definitions[edit]

  1. rate; frequency
  2. ratio

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • sut/sòe - literary;
  • soài - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (21) (21)
    Final () (18) (52)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () Chongniu III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠiuɪH/ /ʃiuɪt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃʷᵚiH/ /ʃʷit̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃiuɪH/ /ʃjuet̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂjwiH/ /ʂwit̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃjuiH/ /ʃiuĕt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃwiH/ /ʃĭuĕt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂwiH/ /ʂi̯uĕt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shuài shuai
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/4 3/4 4/4
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    lèi shuài shuài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lwijH › ‹ srwijH › ‹ srwit ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ut-s/ /*s-rut-s/ /*s-rut/
    English bird net lead (v.); commander follow, go along

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 3/3
    No. 8604 8608
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sruds/ /*srud/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to lead
    2. to catch (birds) with a net
    3. to follow (a road)
    4. frank, straightforward
    5. hasty, indiscreet
    6. generally

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    りつ
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    Suffix[edit]

    (りつ) (-ritsu

    1. rate, ratio

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC *lwit).

    Recorded as Middle Korean 류ᇙ〮* (Yale: lyulq) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 비율 (biyul ryul), South Korea 비율 (biyul yul))

    1. Hanja form? of / (rate, ratio).

    Usage notes[edit]

    (yul) follows after a vowel or (n) as in 환율 (換率, hwanyul) and 비율 (比率, biyul). After anything else, it is followed by (ryul).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʃiuɪt̚).

    Recorded as Middle Korean 소ᇙ〮* (Yale: swolq) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

    Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: swol) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 거느릴 (geoneuril sol))

    1. Hanja form? of (lead).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠiuɪH).

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 우두머리 (udumeori su))

    1. Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (commander).)

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (chuốt, sót, suất, suốt, sút, thoắt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.