卒然

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Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

 
die; soldier; abruptly; hurriedly
 
so; thus; like this; ‑ly; correct; right
simp. and trad.
(卒然)
variant forms 猝然

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3 1/1
Initial () (14) (38)
Final () (56) (77)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰuət̚/ /ȵiᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰuot̚/ /ȵiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰuət̚/ /ȵʑjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰwət̚/ /ȵian/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰuət̚/ /ȵiɛn/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰuət̚/ /ȵʑĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰuət̚/ /ȵʑi̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cu rán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3 1/1
No. 17959 10756
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰuːd/ /*njen/

Adverb[edit]

卒然

  1. (literary) suddenly; abruptly

Etymology 2[edit]

 
die; soldier; abruptly; hurriedly
 
so; thus; like this; ‑ly; correct; right
simp. and trad.
(卒然)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 1/1
Initial () (13) (38)
Final () (52) (77)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siuɪt̚/ /ȵiᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʷit̚/ /ȵiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sjuet̚/ /ȵʑjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡swit̚/ /ȵian/
Li
Rong
/t͡siuĕt̚/ /ȵiɛn/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭuĕt̚/ /ȵʑĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯uĕt̚/ /ȵʑi̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ju rán
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rán
Middle
Chinese
‹ tswit › ‹ nyen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ut/ /*[n]a[n]/
English finish, die so, thus; (adv suffix)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3 1/1
No. 17964 10756
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsud/ /*njen/
Notes

Adverb[edit]

卒然

  1. (literary) finally; in the end; at last