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U+9686, 隆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9686

[U+9685]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9687]
U+F9DC, 隆
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9DC

[U+F9DB]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9DD]
𨺓 U+28E93, 𨺓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-28E93
𨺒
[U+28E92]
CJK Unified Ideographs Extension B 𨺔
[U+28E94]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note that there is no line above in Japanese shinjitai. A CJK compatibility ideograph (U+F9DC) exists for the kyūjitai form of which has an extra line above . Due to Han unification, the Chinese form (with line above ) and Japanese form (without line) are encoded under the same codepoint. The character 𨺓 (U+28E93) exists for the Chinese form with no line above .

Han character[edit]

(radical 170, +9, 12 strokes in Chinese, 11 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 弓中竹水一 (NLHEM), four-corner 77214, composition⿳夂一生(GHTKV) or ⿰(J) or ⿰)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·ruːŋ): phonetic (OC *kruːŋs, *ɡruːŋ) + semantic , with 𡕒 later dropped.

Etymology[edit]

"eminent; high"
Schuessler (2007) suggests it is of Austroastiatic origin; cognate with Khmer រុង (rung, large; prosperous; prominent), Khmer ស្រុង (srong, (of clothing) very long), (OC *zruŋ, “high”).
"thunder"
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-bru(ŋ/k) (dragon; thunder) (STEDT). Cognate with (OC *b·roŋ, *mroːŋ, “dragon”), (OC *bruːɡ, “hail”), Tibetan འབྲུག ('brug, thunder; dragon)

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luŋ³⁵/
Harbin /luŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /luŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /luŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /ləŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /luŋ²⁴/
Xining /luə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /luŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /luŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /noŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /noŋ³¹/
Guiyang /noŋ²¹/
Kunming /loŋ¹/
Nanjing /loŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /luŋ¹³/
Hohhot /lũŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /loŋ²³/
Suzhou /loŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /loŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /loŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /lʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /loŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /nən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /luŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /luŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /luŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /loŋ²¹/
Nanning /luŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /luŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lyŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lœyŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /loŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /loŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/liuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/liuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luwŋ/
Li
Rong
/liuŋ/
Wang
Li
/lĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lóng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lóng lóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljuwng › ‹ ljuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]uŋ/ /*[r]uŋ/ (< * -[u]m)
English sound of thunder high; ample; eminent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6286
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·ruːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. plentiful; abundant; magnificent
  2. deep; profound
  3. prosperous; thriving
  4. protruding; swollen; high
  5. (onomatopoeia) sound of thunder or explosion
  6. Short for 吉隆坡 (Jílóngpō).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. noble
  2. prosperous

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(たかし) or (ゆたか) (Takashi or Yutaka

  1. A male given name

(りゅう) (Ryū

  1. A unisex given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryung, yung) (hangeul , , revised ryung, yung, McCune–Reischauer ryung, yung, Yale lyung, yung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(long, lung)

  1. Prosperous/Prosperity

Compounds[edit]

  1. 隆新, Village of Long Tân, Vietnam