Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

 + , with 𡕒 later dropped.

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 弓中竹水一 (NLHEM), four-corner 77214, composition)

  1. prosperous, plentiful, abundant

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1356, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41720
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1860, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4148, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9686

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luŋ³⁵/
Harbin /luŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /luŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /luŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /ləŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /luŋ²⁴/
Xining /luə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /luŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /luŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /noŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /noŋ³¹/
Guiyang /noŋ²¹/
Kunming /loŋ¹/
Nanjing /loŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /luŋ¹³/
Hohhot /lũŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /loŋ¹³/
Suzhou /loŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /loŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /loŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /lʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /loŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /nən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /luŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /luŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /luŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /loŋ²¹/
Nanning /luŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /luŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lyŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lœyŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /loŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /loŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (2)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: lóng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɨuŋ/ /liuŋ/ /liuŋ/ /luwŋ/ /liuŋ/ /lĭuŋ/ /li̯uŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lóng ‹ ljuwng › /*[r]uŋ/ sound of thunder
lóng ‹ ljuwng › /*[r]uŋ (< * -[u]m)/ high; ample; eminent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6286 0 /*ɡ·ruːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. noble
  2. prosperous

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たかし, romaji Takashi)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana ゆたか, romaji Yutaka)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana りゅう, romaji Ryū)

  1. A male or female given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryung, yung) (hangeul , , revised ryung, yung, McCune-Reischauer ryung, yung, Yale lyung, yung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(long, lung, quang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.