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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

 + , with 𡕒 later dropped.

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 弓中竹水一 (NLHEM), four-corner 77214, composition)

  1. prosperous, plentiful, abundant

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1356, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41720
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1860, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4148, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9686

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luŋ³⁵/
Harbin /luŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /luŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /luŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /ləŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /luŋ²⁴/
Xining /luə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /luŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /luŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /noŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /noŋ³¹/
Guiyang /noŋ²¹/
Kunming /loŋ¹/
Nanjing /loŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /luŋ¹³/
Hohhot /lũŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /loŋ²³/
Suzhou /loŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /loŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /loŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /lʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /loŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /nən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /luŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /luŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /luŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /loŋ²¹/
Nanning /luŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /luŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lyŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lœyŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /loŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /loŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/liuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/liuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luwŋ/
Li
Rong
/liuŋ/
Wang
Li
/lĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lóng lóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljuwng › ‹ ljuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]uŋ/ /*[r]uŋ/ (< * -[u]m)
English sound of thunder high; ample; eminent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6286
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·ruːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. noble
  2. prosperous

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たかし, romaji Takashi)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana ゆたか, romaji Yutaka)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana りゅう, romaji Ryū)

  1. A male or female given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryung, yung) (hangeul , , revised ryung, yung, McCune-Reischauer ryung, yung, Yale lyung, yung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(long, lung, quang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.