方面

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Chinese[edit]

 
square; quadrilateral; place; region; direction; side; method; way; prescription; power; upright; just
 
face; side; surface; aspect; top
simp. and trad.
(方面)

Etymology[edit]

Attestable in ancient Chinese texts; in the modern sense of "aspect", reborrowing from Japanese 方面 (ほうめん) (hōmen).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

方面

  1. aspect; side; (on the one) hand; facet; respect (Classifier: m)
  2. (archaic) direction
  3. (archaic) one direction
  4. (archaic) four directions; all sides; all around
  5. (archaic) official post; duty

Usage notes[edit]

  • It is acceptable to use 方面 (fāngmiàn) both with or without a classifier; both 方面 (sān fāngmiàn) and 方面方面 (sān ge fāngmiàn) are commonly used.
  • When using the term with (zhè) or (), both 方面方面 (zhè (nà) yī fāngmiàn) and 方面方面 (zhè (nà) ge fāngmiàn) are acceptable constructions, the former being more formal than the latter.
  • Unlike in Japanese, 方面 (fāngmiàn) in modern Chinese never conveys the meaning of direction; 方向 (fāngxiàng) is used instead.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほう
Grade: 2
めん
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

方面 (hiragana ほうめん, rōmaji hōmen)

  1. direction
  2. area, district
  3. field of study, line of work

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

方面 (bangmyeon) (hangeul 방면)

  1. Hanja form? of 방면 (direction; field, area).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

方面

  1. Hán tự form of phương diện (aspect; bearing).