茄子

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Chinese[edit]

eggplant
 
child; son; (noun suffix); small thing; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch; 11 pm-1 am; midnight
simp. and trad.
(茄子)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

茄子

  1. eggplant; aubergine

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 茄子 (“eggplant; aubergine”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 茄子
Taxonomic name
Mandarin Beijing 茄子
Taiwan 茄子
Harbin 茄子
Shenyang 茄子
Jinan 茄子
Muping 茄子
Luoyang 茄子
Wanrong 茄子
Xi'an 茄子
Zhengzhou 茄子
Xining 茄子
Xuzhou 茄子
Yinchuan 茄子
Lanzhou 茄子
Ürümqi 茄子
Wuhan 茄子
Chengdu 茄子
Guiyang 茄子
Liuzhou 茄子
Kunming 茄子
Yangzhou 茄子
Nanjing 茄子
Hefei 茄子
Nantong 茄兒
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 茄子
Cantonese Guangzhou 矮瓜, 茄瓜
Hong Kong 矮瓜, 茄瓜
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 矮瓜
Foshan 矮瓜
Shunde 矮瓜
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 矮瓜
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 矮瓜
Taishan
Kaiping (Chikan) , 矮瓜
Dongguan , 矮瓜
Shaoguan 矮瓜
Yunfu 矮瓜
Yangjiang 茄子
Xinyi 矮瓜
Lianjiang 矮瓜, 茄子
Nanning 茄瓜
Danzhou
Kuala Lumpur 矮瓜
Ho Chi Minh City 矮瓜
Gan Nanchang 茄子
Lichuan 茄仔
Pingxiang 紫瓜
Hakka Meixian 吊菜仔, 吊菜, 茄仔
Luchuan 矮瓜
Changting
Wuping 茄子
Ninghua
Yudu 茄子, 吊菜子, 吊菜
Ruijin 茄子
Shicheng 茄子
Shangyou 茄兒
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 吊菜仔, 茄仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 吊菜仔, 茄仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 茄仔, 吊菜仔
Dongshi (Dabu) 吊菜,
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong 矮瓜
Sabah 矮瓜
Senai 矮瓜
Singkawang 吊菜
Huizhou Jixi
Shexian 落蘇, 茄兒
Tunxi 落蘇
Xiuning 落蘇
Yixian
Qimen 茄吶
Wuyuan 落蘇
Fuliang 落蘇
Dexing 落蘇
Xianyu (formerly Zhanda) 羅絲
Jin Taiyuan 茄子
Xinzhou 茄子
Hohhot 茄子
Min Bei Jian'ou
Dikou
Songxi
Zhenghe
Zhenqian
Jianyang
Wuyishan
Shibei 茄仔,
Min Dong Fuzhou 紫菜
Changle 茄白菜
Fuqing 紫匏
Yongtai 紫菜
Gutian 紫菜
Fu'an 紫菜
Ningde 紫菜
Shouning 紫菜
Zhouning 紫菜
Fuding 茄囝
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou , 紅菜
Zhangzhou 茄仔
Taipei
Kaohsiung 茄仔, 紅菜
Tainan 茄仔, 紅菜
Taichung
Wuqi 紅皮菜
Hsinchu
Taitung 茄仔
Lukang 紅茄
Sanxia 茄仔
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong , 茄仔
Penang
Singapore
Pingnan 茄子
Chaozhou
Haifeng 臘蘇
Johor Bahru
Wenchang , 牛𡳞茄
Haikou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning 茄瓜
Shehua Fu'an 茄仔
Fuding 茄仔
Luoyuan
Sanming 茄仔
Shunchang 茄仔
Hua'an 茄仔
Cangnan
Wu Shanghai 落蘇, 茄子
Suzhou 茄子
Wuxi 茄子
Hangzhou 茄兒, 茄子
Wenzhou 茄兒, 落茄
Chongming 茄子, 茄落蘇
Danyang 茄子
Jinhua 落蘇, 茄子
Tangxi 落蘇
Ningbo , 茄子
Xiang Changsha 茄子
Shuangfeng 茄子
Loudi 茄子
Quanzhou 茄子

Interjection[edit]

茄子

  1. (chiefly Mandarin, when taking a photograph) cheese!

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Grade: 1
jukujikun

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/nasubi/*/nasubʉ/*/nasumɨ//nasumʉ//nasuː//nasu/

First attested in the late 1400s, originally a nyōbō kotoba term.

Shift from nasubi below.

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), borrowed from Chinese 茄子.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

茄子 (hiragana なす, katakana ナス, rōmaji nasu)

  1. Solanum melongena, the eggplant or aubergine
  2. a 茶入れ (chaire, tea container) in the shape of an eggplant
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

茄子 (hiragana なす, rōmaji Nasu)

  1. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Grade: 1
jukujikun

First attested in the Wamyō Ruijushō (938 CE).

Various theories exist regarding the ultimate derivation:

(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

茄子 (hiragana なすび, katakana ナスビ, rōmaji nasubi)

  1. (archaic) Solanum melongena, the eggplant or aubergine
  2. (archaic) a 茶入れ (chaire, tea container) in the shape of an eggplant
  3. (figuratively) poverty, destitution
    from the inexpensiveness of eggplants even the impoverished can eat
  4. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with designs of eggplant fruits, flowers, and leaves
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

茄子 (hiragana なすび, rōmaji Nasubi)

  1. a placename

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN