g

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See also: Appendix:Variations of "g", ց [U+0581 ARMENIAN SMALL LETTER CO], and ɡ [U+0261 LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G]

g U+0067, g
LATIN SMALL LETTER G
f
[U+0066]
Basic Latin h
[U+0068]
U+1D4D, ᵍ
MODIFIER LETTER SMALL G

[U+1D4C]
Phonetic Extensions
[U+1D4E]
U+FF47, g
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER G

[U+FF46]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF48]

Translingual[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Symbol[edit]

U+1D4D, ᵍ
MODIFIER LETTER SMALL G

[U+1D4C]
Phonetic Extensions
[U+1D4E]

g

  1. Symbol for the gram, an SI unit of mass.
  2. Symbol for gravitational acceleration, approximately 9.81 m/s2 or 32 ft/sec2 at the earth's surface. Distinguished from G.
  3. (IPA) Alternative form of ɡ (voiced velar stop).
    (superscript ⟨ᵍ⟩) Alternative form of .
  4. (physics) gluon

Translations[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Other representations of G:

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /d͡ʒiː/
(file)
(file)

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G, plural gs or g's)

  1. The seventh letter of the English alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.
See also[edit]

Number[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The ordinal number seventh, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviations.

Noun[edit]

g (countable and uncountable, plural gs)

  1. (physics) A unit of gravitational acceleration.
  2. Abbreviation of gram.
  3. (chiefly US) Abbreviation of grand (thousand (dollars, pounds etc.)).
    Alternative form: G
  4. (Internet slang) Abbreviation of grin; often enclosed in * * or < > to indicate that the user is grinning.
    Coordinate terms: bg (big grin), vbg (very big grin)
    • 2007 May 12, FastWolf, “Re: Re: i like paris hilton (off topic, am i ever on topic?)”, in alt.drugs.hard[1] (Usenet), message-ID <ft2d43t7k9injhqvlhfssg5c8n89eejim3@4ax.com>:
      Call me old fashioned, but the cyberdong virtual dildo just didn't do it for me. [] PS= Does that make the cyberdong a dildon't? ... okay I apologize <g>
Derived terms[edit]

Multiple parts of speech[edit]

g

  1. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of go and inflections goes, going, gone
  2. (stenoscript) The sounds /ɡ, ŋɡ, ŋ/
  3. (stenoscript) The suffix -ing

Usage notes[edit]

(abbreviation of go): Note that g is not used for the inflection went, which is instead notated with w—.

Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g lower case (upper case G)

  1. The ninth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Basque alphabet, called ge and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Chipewyan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  1. IPA(key): /k/

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. A letter of the Chipewyan alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (physics) A unit of gravitational acceleration.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: f
  • Next letter: h

Noun[edit]

g

  1. (physics) Abbreviation of gram.

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The eighth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called go and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Estonian[edit]

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡ̊eː/, [ˈɡ̊eː]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Estonian alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The eighth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and g for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Finnish alphabet, called gee and written in the Latin script.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Used only in loanwords except for ng [ŋː].
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

German musical notation.

Noun[edit]

g

  1. (music) G (note)
Usage notes[edit]

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

Declension[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Symbol[edit]

g

  1. (physics) g
  2. (text messaging slang) Abbreviation of j’ai (I have).
    g pas dfrici don't have any cash

Fula[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

See also[edit]

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

g

  1. Romanization of 𐌲

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative g g-k
accusative g-t g-ket
dative g-nek g-knek
instrumental g-vel g-kkel
causal-final g-ért g-kért
translative g-vé g-kké
terminative g-ig g-kig
essive-formal g-ként g-kként
essive-modal
inessive g-ben g-kben
superessive g-n g-ken
adessive g-nél g-knél
illative g-be g-kbe
sublative g-re g-kre
allative g-hez g-khez
elative g-ből g-kből
delative g-ről g-kről
ablative g-től g-ktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
g-é g-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
g-éi g-kéi
Possessive forms of g
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. g-m g-im
2nd person sing. g-d g-id
3rd person sing. g-je g-i
1st person plural g-nk g-ink
2nd person plural g-tek g-itek
3rd person plural g-jük g-ik
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of gramm (gram).

Noun[edit]

g (plural g-ok)

  1. g (a unit of mass equal to one-thousandth of a kilogram)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative g g-ok
accusative g-ot g-okat
dative g-nak g-oknak
instrumental g-mal g-okkal
causal-final g-ért g-okért
translative g-má g-okká
terminative g-ig g-okig
essive-formal g-ként g-okként
essive-modal
inessive g-ban g-okban
superessive g-on g-okon
adessive g-nál g-oknál
illative g-ba g-okba
sublative g-ra g-okra
allative g-hoz g-okhoz
elative g-ból g-okból
delative g-ról g-okról
ablative g-tól g-októl
non-attributive
possessive - singular
g-é g-oké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
g-éi g-okéi
Possessive forms of g
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. g-om g-jaim
2nd person sing. g-od g-jaid
3rd person sing. g-ja g-jai
1st person plural g-unk g-jaink
2nd person plural g-otok g-jaitok
3rd person plural g-juk g-jaik

Further reading[edit]

  • (sound, letter, and abbreviation): g in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (musical note and its key): g in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /cɛː/

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The ninth letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡ/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ɡe/

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /dʒe/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /dʒ/ before 'i'/'e'/'y', as /ʒ/ in the suffix -age, and /ɡ/ elsewhere.

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Interlingua alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: f
  • Next letter: h

Italian[edit]

Letter[edit]

g f or m (invariable, lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Italian alphabet, called gi and written in the Latin script.

Japanese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of g – see the following entry.
グラム
[noun] gram (unit of mass)
[counter] gram (unit of mass)
Alternative spelling
(This term, g, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Kashubian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and g for development of the glyph itself.

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Letter[edit]

G

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The tenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Livonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Lushootseed[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g

  1. The twelfth letter of the Lushootseed alphabet.

Malay[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Maltese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡ/
  • IPA(key): /k/ (per final devoicing or assimilation to a following voiceless obstruent)

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The eighth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Norwegian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɡeː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɡ/, /k/, /j/, /ʃ/, /ɪ/
  • (file)

Letter[edit]

g

  1. The seventh letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • When g is written before j, they merge together and create the sound of y in you.
  • G is sometimes pronounced like the s in sugar in words of French origin, like genre, due to the fact that Norwegian lacks the voiced palato-alveolar sibilant [ʒ].
  • In eastern and nothern dialects, g at the end of pronouns is pronounced like the y in boy. In western and southern dialects, the g is pronounced like g in great.

Nupe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The eighth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and g for development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G, lower case)

  1. The tenth letter of the Polish alphabet, called gie and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Portuguese[edit]

The word for cat in Portuguese is gato, and starts with g.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Romani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. (International Standard) The ninth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The tenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The ninth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ge, ghe, or and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

See G for pronunciation notes.

See also[edit]

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Scottish Gaelic alphabet, written in the Latin script. It is preceded by f and followed by h. Its traditional name is gort (ivy).

See also[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • G (uppercase)

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (Cyrillic spelling г)

  1. The 11th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by f and followed by h.

Silesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and g for development of the glyph itself.

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The ninth letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Skolt Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology[edit]

From Gaj's Latin alphabet g, from Czech alphabet g, from Latin g. Pronunciation as /ɡə/ is initial Slovene (phoneme plus a fill vowel) and the second pronunciation is probably taken from German g.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Phoneme
  • Letter name

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The eighth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. The eleventh letter of the Resian alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  3. The eighth letter of the Natisone Valley dialect alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Symbol[edit]

g

  1. (SNPT) Phonetic transcription of sound [ɡ].

Noun[edit]

g m inan

  1. The name of the Latin script letter G / g.
  2. (linguistics) The name of the phoneme /ɡ/.

Inflection[edit]

  • Overall more common
First masculine declension (soft o-stem, inanimate), fixed accent, -j- infix
nom. sing. g
gen. sing. g-ja
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
g g-ja g-ji
genitive
rodȋlnik
g-ja g-jev g-jev
dative
dajȃlnik
g-ju, g-ji g-jema g-jem
accusative
tožȋlnik
g g-ja g-je
locative
mẹ̑stnik
g-ju, g-ji g-jih g-jih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
g-jem g-jema g-ji
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
g g-ja g-ji
  • More common when with a definite adjective
Third masculine declension (no endings), fixed accent
nom. sing. g
gen. sing. g
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
g g g
genitive
rodȋlnik
g g g
dative
dajȃlnik
g g g
accusative
tožȋlnik
g g g
locative
mẹ̑stnik
g g g
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
g g g
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
g g g
  • Dialectal, in common written language used till 19th century
First masculine declension (hard o-stem, inanimate), -j- infix
nom. sing. g
gen. sing. g-ja
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
g g-ja g-ji
genitive
rodȋlnik
g-ja g-jov g-jov
dative
dajȃlnik
g-ju, g-ji g-joma g-jom
accusative
tožȋlnik
g g-ja g-je
locative
mẹ̑stnik
g-ju, g-ji g-jih g-jih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
g-jom g-joma g-ji
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
g g-ja g-ji

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • g”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (phoneme) /ɡ/, [ɣ̞], /x/
  • IPA(key): (letter name) /ˈxe/ [ˈxe]
    • Rhymes: -e

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter name
Phoneme

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Swedish alphabet, called ge and written in the Latin script. Pronounced /ɡ/ in front of a, o, u and å and /j/ in front of e, i, y, ä and ö. Pronounced /ɧ/ in some loan words.

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Spanish g. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English g.
  • Abakada alphabet pronunciation is influenced by Baybayin character (ga).
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish g.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: g
  • (letter name, Filipino alphabet): IPA(key): /dji/, [d͡ʒɪ]
  • (letter name, Abakada alphabet): IPA(key): /ɡa/, [ɡɐ]
  • (letter name, Abecedario): IPA(key): /he/, [hɛ]
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɡ/, [ɡ]
  • (phoneme, intervocalic): IPA(key): /ɡ/, [ɣ]
  • (phoneme, followed by e or i, English unadapted loanwords): IPA(key): /dj/, [d͡ʒ]
  • (phoneme, followed by e or i, Spanish unadapted loanwords): IPA(key): /h/, [h]
  • (phoneme, followed by e or i, Spanish unadapted loanwords, archaic): IPA(key): /s/, [s]
  • Rhymes: -i, -a, -e

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G, Baybayin spelling ᜇ᜔ᜌᜒ)

  1. The seventh letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Filipino alphabet), called dyi and written in the Latin script.
See also[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G, Baybayin spelling )

  1. The sixth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abakada alphabet), called ga and written in the Latin script.

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G, Baybayin spelling ᜑᜒ)

  1. (historical) The eighth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abecedario), called ge and written in the Latin script.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Interjection[edit]

g (Baybayin spelling ᜇ᜔ᜌᜒ)

  1. (slang) Alternative letter-case form of G

Further reading[edit]

  • g”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɡ/, /ɟ/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɟeː/

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The eighth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ge and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Turkmen[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (upper case G)

  1. The eighth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called ge and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ze˧˧], [ɣəː˨˩], [ɣəː˨˩ ʔɗəːn˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [jej˧˧], [ɣəː˦˩], [ɣəː˦˩ ʔɗəːŋ˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [jej˧˧], [ɣəː˨˩], [ɣəː˨˩ ʔɗəːŋ˧˧]
  • Phonetic: giê, gờ, gờ đơn

Letter[edit]

g

  1. The tenth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

g

  1. Contraction of -ương.
    lương → lg
    work pay

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The tenth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called èg and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by ff and followed by ng.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gorsaf orsaf ngorsaf unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “g”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yoruba[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Zulu[edit]

Letter[edit]

g (lower case, upper case G)

  1. The seventh letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]