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See also: [U+2320 TOP HALF INTEGRAL], [U+222B INTEGRAL], ʃ [U+0283 LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH], and Appendix:Variations of "s"
Character ſ
Code point U+017F
Entity number ſ
Unicode block Latin Extended-A
ž [U+017E] [U+0180] ƀ


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Proper use of the long s is demonstrated by the words Bürgerſaal and Ratsſäle on a German sign, but incorrect use can be seen in the third word, Trausaal, causing it to be parsed as ‘Trausaal’.


ſ lower case

  1. (obsolete or archaic) The long s, a form of the letter ess (S).
    • Examples of use in English:
      • 1785, Vicesimus Knox, Liberal Education: Or, a Practical Treatiſe on the Methods of Acquiring Uſeful and Polite Learning, vol. II, pp. 1 & 3, section XXXI: On the regulation of puerile diverſions:
        Many fanciful methods have been invented by thoſe who wiſhed to render puerile ſports conducive to improvement. I never found that they were ſucceſsful.
        I muſt own myſelf an advocate for puerile liberty*, during the alloted hours of relaxation. Boys have much reſtraint and confinement in the time of ſtudy.
        Thoſe of the effeminate kind ſuperinduce effeminacy; weakneſs of mind, no leſs than imbecility of body. Something ſimilar happens in puerile diverſions. The boy who has been kept in leading-ſtrings too long, and reſtrained from hardy ſports by the fondneſs of his mother, will ſcarcely ever become a man; or poſſeſs that becoming ſpirit which can enable him to act his part with propriety.
      • 1796, John Hatsell, Precedents of Proceedings in the House of Commons: With Observations, page 102:
        75. On the 11th of May, 1759, the Lords amend a turnpike road Bill, by inſerting a clauſe, “That no gate ſhall be erected within a mile of Enſham Ferry”. The conſideration of this amendment is reſolved, nemine contradicente, to be put off for a month.

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ſ ‎(lower case, upper case S, plural ſ's)

  1. (archaic) long s The nineteenth letter of the English alphabet, called long s, medial s or descending s and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

The long, medial, or descending s, as distinct from the short or terminal s. In Roman script, the long S was used everywhere except at the end of words, where the short S was used, and frequently in what is now the digraph <ss>, which was often written <ſs> rather than <ſſ>. The distinction occurred only in minuscule (lowercase); a single majuscule (uppercase) form, S, was used regardless of word-position. In Fraktur script, the long S is used at the beginning of a word as well, as long as the word is not capitalized.

Middle French[edit]



  1. typographical variant of s, typically used for all instances except a final -s