bringen

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Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

bringen c

  1. singular definite of bringe

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German bringan, from Proto-Germanic *bringaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bhrenk. Compare Low German bringen, Dutch brengen, English bring, West Frisian bringe, Gothic 𐌱𐍂𐌹𐌲𐌲𐌰𐌽 (briggan).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbriŋən/, [bʁɪŋən], [bʁɪŋː], [bɾɪŋən], [bɾɪŋː] (Germany)
  • IPA(key): /ˈbriŋən/, [b̥riŋ(ː)ən], [b̥riŋ(ː)ɛn] (Austro-Bavarian, Swiss)
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋn̩

Verb[edit]

bringen (irregular, third-person singular simple present bringt, past tense brachte, past participle gebracht, past subjunctive brächte, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to bring; to fetch
  2. (transitive) to take; to convey
  3. (transitive) to lead; to cause; to bear
  4. (transitive, with “an sich”) to acquire; to take possession of

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German bringen, brengen, from Old Saxon brengian, bringan, from Proto-Germanic *bringaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bhrenk. Compare Dutch brengen, German bringen, English bring, West Frisian bringe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bringen (third-person singular simple present bringt, past tense broch, past participle brocht, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. To bring, carry, deliver, supply

Conjugation[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *bringan, from Proto-Germanic *bringaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bringen

  1. to bring

Inflection[edit]

Weak
Infinitive bringen
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive bringen
In genitive bringens
In dative bringene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular bringe
2nd singular brincs, bringes
3rd singular brinct, bringet
1st plural bringen
2nd plural brinct, bringet
3rd plural bringen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular bringe
2nd singular brincs, bringes
3rd singular bringe
1st plural bringen
2nd plural brinct, bringet
3rd plural bringen
Imperative Present
Singular brinc, bringe
Plural brinct, bringet
Present Past
Participle bringende

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • bringhen”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • bringen”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929