- 1 Dutch
- 2 Faroese
- 3 German
- 4 Luxembourgish
- 5 Middle Dutch
The result of a merger of two suffixes:
- Middle Dutch er-, an unstressed variant of ur-, or- (modern Dutch oor-), from Old Dutch ur-, ir-, from Proto-Germanic *uz-. Cognate with Old High German ur-, ir- (German ur-, er-), Old English ā-, Gothic 𐌿𐌶- (us-).
- Middle Dutch ver-, from Old Dutch fir-, far-, and goes back to a mixture of Proto-Germanic *fer-, *fur-, *fra- and other similar particles. Cognate with Old English for- (English for-), Old High German fir-, far- (German ver-), Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂- (fair-), 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂- (faur-), 𐍆𐍂𐌰- (fra-).
- to do or to become what the stem (following this prefix) refers to
- used to indicate that the action (referred to by the stem) has a negative connotation (for the direct object of the stem)
- to move or change in the manner specified by the stem
- A prefix found as part of surnames, found mainly in the southern Netherlands and in Belgium.
Originally and officialy, this prefix only refers to the husband's inlaws, however colloquially, it is also used for the wife's inlaws.
From Middle High German ver-, from Old High German far-, from a mixture of Proto-Germanic *fer-, *fur-, *fra- and other similar particles. Cognate with Old English for- (English for-), Old Dutch fir-, far- (Dutch ver-), Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂- (fair-), 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂- (faur-), 𐍆𐍂𐌰- (fra-).
- IPA(key): /fɛɐ̯/ (official standard)
- IPA(key): /fɐ/ (more common; except when provided with emphatic stress)
- Inseparable verbal prefix for-
- vergeben (“to forgive”)
- Inseparable verbal prefix that denotes a transition of the object into a state, which is indicated by the stem.
- Inseparable verbal prefix indicating a faulty action.
- See also Index:German/v
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text
- Forms verbs indicating change away from a state.
- Forms verbs indicating a more thorough action.
- Dutch: ver-