er-

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Loaned from Old High German ir-. The native prefix with the same origin is oor-.

Prefix[edit]

er-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that indicates the cause or beginning of an action.

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ir-, from Proto-Germanic *uz-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛɐ̯/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ɛ/, /ɐ/ (common speech)

Prefix[edit]

er-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that indicates a successful conclusion, leads to the wanted result.
  2. Inseparable verbal prefix that indicates killing or dying.
    er- + drücken 'to push, squeeze' -> erdrücken 'to squeeze dead'
    er- + frieren 'to freeze' -> erfrieren 'to freeze to death'
  3. Prefix signifying a notion of getting something (either by conscious effort or (rarely) producing the effect of coming to have it unintentionally) by specific means.
    er- + arbeiten 'to work' -> erarbeiten 'to gain something by means of working for it'

Derived terms[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From German er-, from Old High German ir-, from Proto-Germanic *uz-.

Prefix[edit]

er-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that indicates an emphasizing meaning

Derived terms[edit]