verlassen

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German firlāzzan, from Proto-Germanic *fralētaną. Cognate with Dutch verlaten, archaic and/or dialectal English forlet, and Middle Low German vorlaten. Equivalent to ver- (for-) +‎ lassen (let, leave).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fɛɐ̯ˈlasən/, [fɛɐ̯ˈlasn̩], [fɐˈlasn̩], [-sən]
  • Hyphenation: ver‧las‧sen
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

verlassen (class 7 strong, third-person singular simple present verlässt, past tense verließ, past participle verlassen, past subjunctive verließe, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to leave, to abandon; to depart, to forsake
    Die Ratten verlassen das sinkende Schiff.
    The rats are abandoning the sinking ship.
    Er verließ das Haus um 7 Uhr.
    He left the house at 7 o'clock.
  2. (transitive, reflexive, with auf) to trust; to rely on
    Ich verlasse mich darauf, dass du morgen da bist.
    I trust you that you will be there tomorrow.
    Ich habe mich sehr auf deine Informationen verlassen!
    I did rely a lot upon your information!
  3. (transitive, figuratively) to pass away; to cease; to die (with direct object uns)
    Es tut mir leid, aber deine Mutter hat uns gestern Nacht verlassen.
    I am sorry, but your mother passed away last night.
  4. (transitive) to desert, to dump (e.g. a partner in a romantic relationship)
    Nach einer dreijährigen Beziehung verließ sie ihn.
    After three years of an affectionate relationship, she dumped him.

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

verlassen (comparative verlassener, superlative am verlassensten)

  1. lonely, forsaken
  2. (not comparable) abandoned, deserted

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

verlassen

  1. forlornly

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]