auf

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English auph, aulf, from Old Norse. See elf.

Noun[edit]

auf ‎(plural aufs)

  1. (obsolete) A changeling or elf child; a child left by fairies.
  2. (obsolete) A deformed or foolish child; a simpleton; an oaf.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Drayton to this entry?)

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German ūf, from Old High German ūf, from Proto-Germanic *upp. This form with a lengthened vowel is originally Upper German. Central German forms were Middle High German uf and (western) up. Compare Luxembourgish op, Dutch op, English up.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

auf

  1. (with dative) on, upon
    Das Buch liegt auf dem Tisch.
    The book is lying on the table.
  2. (with accusative) on, onto
    Leg das Buch auf den Tisch!
    Put the book on the table!
  3. (colloquial, otherwise archaic, regional, northern and western Germany) on (a day; usually of the week)
    Du kannst doch auf (’n) Sonntag nich’ den Rasen mähen!
    You can’t mow the lawn on a Sunday!

Usage notes[edit]

  • The preposition is used with accusative case when the verb shows movement from one place to another, whereas it is used with dative case when the verb shows location.
  • Generally speaking, auf is used when referring to something being on a horizontal surface, as opposed to an, which usually points to a vertical surface.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (on a day): an

Adverb[edit]

auf

  1. (somewhat informal) open
    Die Tür ist auf.
    The door is open.
  2. (colloquial) finished; gone (food)
    Hast du deine Suppe auf?
    Have you finished your soup?
    Die Milch is’ auf.
    The milk is gone. (= All the milk has been consumed.)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Compare to the latter example the phrase: Die Milch ist aus, which would mean that all the milk has been sold out, e.g. from a supermarket.

Synonyms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

auf

  1. carry on
  2. have a go