lira

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See also: Lira and líra

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Italian lira, from Latin lībra (partly via Turkish lira, Arabic لِيرَة(līra), Maltese lira, Greek λίρα (líra), and Hebrew לִירָה(lirá), all of which are originally from the Italian). Doublet of libra and livre.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlɪəɹə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪəɹə

Noun[edit]

lira (plural lire or liras)

  1. The basic unit of currency in Turkey.
  2. The currency of Lebanon (also pound), Syria (also pound), Jordan (also dinar)
  3. The former currency of Italy, Malta, San Marino, Cyprus and the Vatican City, superseded by the euro

Noun[edit]

lira (plural lirot or liroth or liras)

  1. The former currency of Israel, superseded by the sheqel.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ukrainian ліра (lira), ultimately related to the Byzantine lyra (Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra)). Doublet of Lyra and lyre.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lira

  1. A Ukrainian folk musical instrument similar to the hurdy-gurdy.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin līra (furrow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lira (plural lirae)

  1. Any of a set of fine ridges on the shells of some molluscs

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

lira

  1. Alternative form of lyra
    • 1940, Curt Sachs, The History of Musical Instruments, New York, N.Y.: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., page 275:
      The first evidence of the Byzantine lira is in a Persian literary source of the ninth century.
    • 1976, Musicological Annual, page 118:
      Some instruments comprise types which are found, more or less unchanged, also with various nations and periods (recorder, shawm), whereas others belong to smaller regions (byzantine lira, rectangular harp) or only to the territory of Serbia and Macedonia (drums, larger shawms, especially in the Turkish period).
    • 1977, Laurence Wright, “The Medieval Gittern and Citole: A Case of Mistaken Identity”, in The Galpin Society Journal:
      Being an approximate synonym of cithara, the word lyra is most often applied to the harp, but one also finds it interpreted as the Germanic lyre, Byzantine lira (equated in turn with the Arabic rebab), hurdy-gurdy, citole or gittern, lute, etc.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin libra.

Noun[edit]

lira f (plural lires)

  1. lira (currency)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra), attested from the 15th century.[1]

Noun[edit]

lira f (plural lires)

  1. lyre (an ancient stringed musical instrument)
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ lira”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2022

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

From Italian lira, from Latin lībra.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lira f

  1. lira (former currency of Italy) [19th c.]
  2. lira (currency of Turkey)
  3. lira (former currency of Israel)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "lira" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, →ISBN, page 381.

Further reading[edit]

  • lira in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lira in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lira

  1. third-person singular future of lire

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈli.ra/
  • Rhymes: -ira
  • Hyphenation: lì‧ra

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin lībra.

Noun[edit]

lira f (plural lire)

  1. lira
Descendants[edit]
  • Turkish: lira

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρᾱ (lúrā).

Noun[edit]

lira f (plural lire)

  1. lyre
    Synonym: cetra
    • 1959, Indro Montanelli, “Capitolo tredicesimo: Licurgo”, in Storia dei Greci [History of the Greeks], 39th edition, Milan, published 1973, page 119:
      Dopo Terpandro venne Timoteo, che tentò di perfezionare la lira portandone le corde da sette a undici.
      After Terpander came Timotheus, who tried to perfect the lyre increasing the number of its strings from seven to eleven.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *loizā, from Proto-Indo-European *lóyseh₂ (following, track; furrow),[1] from *leys- (track, furrow, trace, trail).

Cognate with Oscan feminine ablative plural 𐌋𐌖𐌉𐌔𐌀𐌓𐌉𐌚𐌔 (luisarifs, the name of a month, perhaps "in which the furrows are drawn"), Old High German leisa (track) (German Gleis), Old Church Slavonic лѣха (lěxa, field bed, furrow), Old Prussian lyso (field bed), Proto-Germanic *lizaną (to know, understand), *laizijaną (teach), *liʀnōn (learn).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

līra f (genitive līrae); first declension[3]

  1. the earth thrown up between two furrows, a ridge
  2. (agriculture) furrow

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative līra līrae
Genitive līrae līrārum
Dative līrae līrīs
Accusative līram līrās
Ablative līrā līrīs
Vocative līra līrae

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • lira”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lira in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • lira in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “līra”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 345
  2. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 409-410
  3. ^ lira”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Doublet of lire.

Noun[edit]

lira m (definite singular liraen, indefinite plural liraar or liraer or lira, definite plural liraane or liraene)

  1. (numismatics) lira (currency of Malta)
  2. (numismatics) lira (currency of Turkey)

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

lira f

  1. definite singular of lire
  2. definite singular of lire

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *lihwizô, *ligwizô (thigh; groin), from Proto-Indo-European *lekʷs-, *lewks- (groin). More at lire.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

līra m (nominative plural līran)

  1. fleshy part of the body without fat or bone; brawn; muscle

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
lira

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra).

Noun[edit]

lira f

  1. lyre (stringed musical instrument)
  2. black grouse's tail

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Maltese lira, from Italian lira, from Latin lībra.

Noun[edit]

lira f

  1. lira (former unit of currency of Malta)

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Turkish lira, from Italian lira, from Latin lībra.

Noun[edit]

lira f

  1. lira (currency of Turkey)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
adjective
Related terms[edit]
noun

Further reading[edit]

  • lira in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • lira in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin lyra.

Noun[edit]

lira f (plural liras)

  1. lyre (a stringed musical instrument)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin libra.

Noun[edit]

lira f (plural liras)

  1. lira (unit of currency)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lîːra/
  • Hyphenation: li‧ra

Noun[edit]

lȋra f (Cyrillic spelling ли̑ра)

  1. lyre

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • lira” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French lire, from Latin lyra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lȋra f

  1. lyre (musical instrument)

Inflection[edit]

Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. líra
gen. sing. líre
singular dual plural
nominative líra líri líre
accusative líro líri líre
genitive líre lír lír
dative líri lírama líram
locative líri lírah lírah
instrumental líro lírama lírami

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈliɾa/, [ˈli.ɾa]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra).

Noun[edit]

lira f (plural liras)

  1. lyre
  1. (Mexico, slang) guitar
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Italian lira, from Latin libra. Doublet of libra.

Noun[edit]

lira f (plural liras)

  1. lira (former currency of Italy)

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

lira (present lirar, preterite lirade, supine lirat, imperative lira)

  1. (colloquial) to play (a sport, an instrument or a game)

Conjugation[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish lira (lyre), from Latin lyra, from Ancient Greek λύρα (lúra).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: li‧ra
  • IPA(key): /ˈliɾa/, [ˈlɪ.ɾɐ]

Noun[edit]

lira

  1. lyre
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish lira (lira), from Latin libra. Doublet of libra.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: li‧ra
  • IPA(key): /ˈliɾa/, [ˈlɪ.ɾɐ]

Noun[edit]

lira

  1. lira (former currency of Italy)

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: li‧ra
  • IPA(key): /ˈliɾaʔ/, [ˈlɪ.ɾɐʔ]

Noun[edit]

lirà

  1. swollen and reddened eyelids
Derived terms[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish لیره‎, لیرا‎, from Italian lira.

Noun[edit]

lira (definite accusative lirayı, plural liralar)

  1. Turkish lira.

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative lira
Definite accusative lirayı
Singular Plural
Nominative lira liralar
Definite accusative lirayı liraları
Dative liraya liralara
Locative lirada liralarda
Ablative liradan liralardan
Genitive liranın liraların

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]