brawn

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See also: Brawn

English[edit]

Brawn (terrine)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English brawne, from Old French braon (slice of meat, fleshy part, buttock), from Frankish *brādon, *brādan, accusative form of *brādō (roasted meat, ham), from Proto-Germanic *brēdô (meat, roast), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrē- (to burn, heat), from *bʰrewh₁- (to boil, bubble, burn). Akin to Old High German brāto (tender meat) (German Braten (roast)), Old English brǣde, brǣd (flesh, meat), Old Norse bráð (raw meat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

brawn (uncountable)

  1. Strong muscles or lean flesh, especially of the arm, leg or thumb.
  2. Physical strength; muscularity.
    • 2000, Stephanie Laurens, A Secret Love, Avon Books (2000), ISBN 0380805707, page 349:
      The man was a bruiser, the sort who'd learned his science in tavern brawls. Given his size and lack of agility, he relied on his brawn to win. In any wrestling match, Crowley would triumph easily.
    • 2008, Michael Mandaville, Stealing Thunder, Dog Ear Publishing (2008), ISBN 9781598585353, page 562:
      The two men were husky, picked for their brawn by the little man who sauntered into the room.
    • 2010, Martin Pasko & Robert Greenberger, The Essential Superman Encyclopedia, Del Ray (2010), ISBN 9780345501080, page 218:
      The youth agreed to the scheme and used his brawn to begin moving pieces into place, starting by moving the planet Rann into the Thanagarian star system []
  3. (chiefly Britain) Head cheese; a terrine made from the head of a pig or calf; originally boar's meat.
    • 1978, Jane Gardam, God on the Rocks, Abacus 2014, p. 111:
      It was brawn and shape for high tea.
  4. (Britain, dialectal) A boar.
    • 1821, John Stagg, The Cumbrian Minstrel: Being a Poetical Miscellany:
      And loud as brawns wer [they] snoring,
    • 1842, Moses Aaron Richardson, The Borderer's Table Book: Or, Gatherings of the Local History:
      THE village of Brancepath, pleasantly situated at the distance of four miles and three- quarters south-west by west of Durham, is said to have derived its name (a corruption of Brawn's-path) from a brawn of vast size, [...]

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Verb[edit]

brawn (third-person singular simple present brawns, present participle brawning, simple past and past participle brawned)

  1. (transitive) Make fat, especially of a boar.
  2. (intransitive) Become fat, especially of a boar.

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