mare

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See also: Mare and maré

Contents

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English mare, mere, from Old English mere, miere (female horse, mare), from Proto-Germanic *marhijō (female horse), from Proto-Indo-European *mark-, *marḱ- (horse). Cognate with Scots mere, meir, mear (mare), North Frisian mar (mare, horse), West Frisian merje (mare), Dutch merrie (mare), German Mähre (mare), Danish mær (mare), Swedish märr (mare), Icelandic meri (mare). Related also to Old English mearh (male horse, steed).

Alternative etymology cites derivation via Old English mere, miere, from Proto-Germanic *marhijō (cf. Dutch merrie, German Mähre), from *marhaz (horse) (compare Old English mearh), from Gaulish markos (compare Welsh march), from Iranian marikas (compare Old Persian marikas 'male, manly'), from maryas (compare Avestan mairya 'man; male animal'); akin to Sanskrit máryas 'young man; stallion'. More at marry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare (plural mares)

  1. An adult female horse.
    • 1879, Richard Jefferies, chapter 1, The Amateur Poacher:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, [] .
  2. (UK, pejorative, slang) A foolish woman.
    • 2007, Hester Browne, Little Lady, Big Apple
      The silly mare phoned your mother, talking about applying for a mortgage, and we don't want that, do we?
Antonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]
  • (adult female horse): foal and filly refer to younger horses, pony can refer to adult horses of either gender under a certain height.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English mare, from Old English mare (nightmare, monster), from Proto-Germanic *marǭ (nightmare, incubus) (compare Dutch (dial.) mare, German (dial.) Mahr, Old Norse mara ( > Danish mare, Swedish mara 'incubus, nightmare')), from Proto-Indo-European *mor- (feminine evil spirit). Akin to Old Irish Morrígain 'elf queen', Albanian tmerr (horror), Polish zmora 'nightmare', Czech mura 'nightmare, moth'.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare (plural mares)

  1. (now obsolete except dialectal) A type of evil spirit thought to sit on the chest of a sleeping person; also the feeling of suffocation felt during sleep; a nightmare.
  2. (UK, colloquial) (Shortening of nightmare) A nightmare; a frustrating or terrible experience.
    I'm having a complete mare today.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin mare (sea).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare (plural maria)

  1. (planetology) A dark, large circular plain; a “sea”.
  2. (planetology) On Saturn's moon Titan, a large expanse of what is thought to be liquid hydrocarbons.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Plurale tantum; plural of variant marë, from Latin marum ‘cat thyme, kind of sage’.

Noun[edit]

mare f (definite singular marja)

  1. strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo)
  2. strawberry tree fruit

Derived terms[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Latin mās, marem (male)

Adjective[edit]

mare

  1. big, large, great

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mater, matrem.

Noun[edit]

mare f (plural mares)

  1. mother

Corsican[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare m

  1. sea

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse mara.

Noun[edit]

mare c (singular definite maren, plural indefinite marer)

  1. incubus, succubus

Related terms[edit]

Inflection[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with German Mär, from which German Märchen (fairy tales).

Noun[edit]

mare f (plural maren, diminutive maartje n)

  1. message, report, story
  2. rumor
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

mare

  1. singular present subjunctive of maren

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare f (plural maren, diminutive maartje n)

  1. depression in non-volcanic stone, compare maar

Etymology 3[edit]

Related to nachtmerrie (nightmare), a compound in which the latter component (merrie (female horse)) is a corruption of mare. Analogously related to the latter components in English nightmare and French cauchemar.

Noun[edit]

mare f (plural mares, diminutive maartje n)

  1. a nocturnal monster or spirit that torments its victims while they are sleeping
  2. a nightmare
  3. a witch
Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French mare, from Old French mare, from Old Norse marr (lake, sea, pool), from Proto-Germanic *mari (lake, sea), from Proto-Indo-European *mari-, *mori- (marsh, lake, sea). Akin to Old High German meri ("lake, sea"; > German Meer), Old Saxon meri, Old English mere ("pond, pool, mere"; > English mere). More at mere.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare f (plural mares)

  1. puddle
  2. pool

Anagrams[edit]


Guernésiais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French mare, of Germanic origin.

Noun[edit]

mare f (plural mares)

  1. pool

Istriot[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mare.

Noun[edit]

mare

  1. sea
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 99:
      Cume li va puleîto in alto mare!
      How they row well on the high seas!

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia it

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin mare, from Proto-Indo-European *móri.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare m (plural mari)

  1. sea

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *móri.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare n (genitive maris); third declension

  1. sea

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter "pure" i-stem.

Number Singular Plural
nominative mare maria
genitive maris marium
dative marī maribus
accusative mare maria
ablative marī maribus
vocative mare maria

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare m

  1. ablative singular of mas

Marau[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare

  1. water

References[edit]

  • The Linguistic Situation in the Islands of Yapen, Kurudu, Nau and Miosnum, New Guinea (1961)

Munggui[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare

  1. water

References[edit]

  • The Linguistic Situation in the Islands of Yapen, Kurudu, Nau and Miosnum, New Guinea (1961)

Neapolitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mare.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare

  1. sea (a vast mass of salty water)

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Germanic *marǭ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare f

  1. nightmare, evil spirit

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mare

  1. evil; bad

Adverb[edit]

mare

  1. evilly; badly

Papuma[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare

  1. water

References[edit]

  • The Linguistic Situation in the Islands of Yapen, Kurudu, Nau and Miosnum, New Guinea (1961)

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin mārem, accusative singular of mās (male).

Adjective[edit]

mare 2 nom/acc forms

  1. big, large, great
    O mare mare.
    A big sea.
  2. great, mighty
    Un om mare.
    A great man.
Inflection[edit]


Antonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin mare, from Proto-Indo-European *móri.

Noun[edit]

mare f (plural mări)

  1. sea
    Când am mers la mare, am înotat un pic și mai târziu am prins un pește mare.
    When I went to sea, I swam a little and later caught a big fish.
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Sonsorolese[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare

  1. boy

Tahitian[edit]

Noun[edit]

mare

  1. cough

Usage notes[edit]

Archaic; use hota.


Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mater, matrem. Compare Italian madre

Noun[edit]

mare f (invariable)

  1. mother

Zazaki[edit]

Zazaki Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zza

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic, from Persian [script?] (mare).

Noun[edit]

mare

  1. marriage