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See also: alb, ALB, alb., and Alb.


Alternative forms[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German alb, alp, from Old High German alp, from Proto-West Germanic *albi, from Proto-Germanic *albiz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *albʰós. Doublet of Elf, borrowed from English later.


Alb m (genitive Albs or Albes or Alben, plural Alben)

  1. elf, especially an evil one
    Synonyms: Elf, Elb, Elbe
  2. nightmare or physical ailment (formerly believed to be caused by an elf sitting on one's chest while one slept)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Alemannic German Alp, from Middle High German albe, from Old High German alba.

Alb f

  1. (dialectal) mountainous area, upland
    Schwäbische AlbSwabian Jura


  • Thyen, Olaf (and Michael Clark, Werner Scholze-Stubenrecht, Bradbury Sykes (1999) The Oxford-Duden German Dictionary: German-English, English-German[1], Oxford University Press, →ISBN: “Alb2 .. (veralt.: Kobold) goblin believed to give sleeping people nightmares..”
  • Thode, Ernest (1992) German-English Genealogical Dictionary[2], Genealogical Publishing Com, →ISBN: “Alb - mountain; hill; ridge; escarpment; upland area..”
  • Betterridge, Harold T. (1978) Cassell's German-English English-German Dictionary, Macmillan, →ISBN: “1Alb 1. elf, .. 2. nighmare. 2Alb (dial.) alp(s)..”