Alb

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: alb, ALB, alb., and Alb.

German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German alb, alp, from Old High German alp, from Proto-West Germanic *albi, from Proto-Germanic *albiz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *albʰós. Doublet of Elf, borrowed from English later.

Noun[edit]

Alb m (mixed, genitive Albs or Albes, plural Alben)

  1. (Germanic mythology) elf, especially an evil one
    Synonyms: Elf, Elb, Elbe
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

Alb m (strong, genitive Albs or Albes, plural Albe)

  1. (Germanic folklore) creature that sits on one's chest while one sleeps
  2. nightmare (formerly believed to be caused by such a creature)
  3. (figuratively, higher register) mental oppression, anxiety
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Alemannic German Alp, from Middle High German albe, from Old High German alba.

Noun[edit]

Alb f (genitive Alb, plural Alben)

  1. (dialectal) mountainous area, upland
    Schwäbische AlbSwabian Jura

References[edit]

  • Thyen, Olaf (and Michael Clark, Werner Scholze-Stubenrecht, Bradbury Sykes (1999) The Oxford-Duden German Dictionary: German-English, English-German[1], Oxford University Press, →ISBN: “Alb2 .. (veralt.: Kobold) goblin believed to give sleeping people nightmares..”
  • Thode, Ernest (1992) German-English Genealogical Dictionary[2], Genealogical Publishing Com, →ISBN: “Alb - mountain; hill; ridge; escarpment; upland area..”
  • Betterridge, Harold T. (1978) Cassell's German-English English-German Dictionary, Macmillan, →ISBN: “1Alb 1. elf, .. 2. nighmare. 2Alb (dial.) alp(s)..”

Further reading[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From alb.

Proper noun[edit]

Alb m (genitive/dative lui Alb)

  1. A surname​.