alp

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See also: Alp and ALP

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from alps (plural), from Latin alpes (high mountains, especially those of Switzerland), of Celtic (*albiyos) or Germanic (*albiz) origin (compare Old Saxon elbon (Alps), Old High German Alpūn (Alps); Old High German alba (alp, mountain)), probably from Proto-Indo-European *albʰós (white).

Noun[edit]

alp (plural alps)

  1. A very high mountain. Specifically, one of the Alps, the highest chain of mountains in Europe.
    • Milton
      Nor breath of vernal air from snowy alp.
    • Alexander Pope
      Hills peep o'er hills, and alps on alps arise.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alp m (plural alpen, diminutive alpje n)

  1. alp, (very) high mountain

French[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

alp

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) à la prochaine

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare English alp.

Noun[edit]

alp m (genitive singular ailp, nominative plural alpa)

  1. alp (high mountain)
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

alp (present analytic alpann, future analytic alpfaidh, verbal noun alpadh, past participle alptha)

  1. (transitive) devour, swallow whole
  2. (transitive) grab
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

alp f (genitive singular ailpe, nominative plural ailpeanna)

  1. Alternative form of ailp (lump, chunk; knob)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

alp m (genitive singular ailp, nominative plural alpa)

  1. Alternative form of earc (lizard; reptile)
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
alp n-alp halp t-alp
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "alp" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • alp” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “alp” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “alp” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Middle High German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (elf, spirit): alb

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German alp (13th century), from Proto-Germanic *albiz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *albʰós.

Noun[edit]

alp m (plural elbe or elber)

  1. elf
  2. friendly spirit, ghostly being, genius, or fairy
  3. nightmare (later meaning)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Marshall Jones Company (1930). Mythology of All Races Series, Volume 2 Eddic, Great Britain: Marshall Jones Company, 1930, pp. 220.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Old Irish alp (lump, loose mass).

Noun[edit]

alp f (genitive singular ailp, plural alpa)

  1. protuberance, eminence
  2. mountain

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
alp n-alp h-alp t-alp
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • alp” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

alp c

  1. alp; a mountain in the Alps

Declension[edit]

Declension of alp 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative alp alpen alper alperna
Genitive alps alpens alpers alpernas

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ălp (difficult, hard; warrior, hero, brave; giant, landlord), and according to the controversial Altaic hypothesis, possibly from Proto-Altaic *ălpa (unable, sick; man-at-arms) (compare Japanese 哀れ (aware, pity), Korean 아픈 (apeun, to be ill)).[1] Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰞𐰯 (alp).

Adjective[edit]

alp (comparative daha alp, superlative en alp)

  1. brave, hero

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*ălpa”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill