지다

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Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


IPA(key) [t͡ɕida̠]
Phonetic Hangul
Romanizations
RR jida
RR (translit.) jida
MC chida
Yale cita

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as 지다 (Yale: cita).

Verb[edit]

지다 (jida) (infinitive or 지어, sequential 지니)

  1. to carry on one's back; to bear
  2. (figuratively) to undertake; to be charged with (the duty of); to assume (the responsibility of)
  3. (figuratively) to fall into (debt); to incur (a debt)
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • Causative: 지우다 (jiuda, “to cause someone to carry on the back”)
  • Substantive: (jim)
  • 짊다 (jimda)

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Bak Tongsa eonhae (朴通事諺解 / 박통사언해, 1677, as 지다 (Yale: cita).

Verb[edit]

지다 (jida) (infinitive or 지어, sequential 지니)

  1. to be defeated; to lose
  2. to be overcome (with); to surrender (to); to bow (to)
  3. to be inferior (to); to be second (to)
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • Causative: 지우다 (jiuda, “to defeat; to get the better of”)

Etymology 3[edit]

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as 디다 (Yale: tita).

Verb[edit]

지다 (jida) (infinitive or 지어, sequential 지니)

  1. (of the sun) to sink; to set; to go down
  2. (of flower) to wither and fall; to scatter; to be scattered
    바람지는 아련한 사랑. (from the lyrics of 하망연)
    Baram-e jineun aryeonhan sarang.
    A vague love which disappears with the wind.
  3. to come out (with a wash); to be removed; to be washed off
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • Causative: 지우다 (jiuda, “to wipe away; to rub out”)

Etymology 4[edit]

Compare 짓— (jit-).

Verb[edit]

지다 (jida) (infinitive or 지어, sequential 지니)

  1. to become; to get
  2. (in the form of —아/어지다) to become; to get
  3. (in the form of —아/어지다) Forms the passive.
Conjugation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

—지다 (-jida)

  1. Attached to nominal or verbal roots to form adjectives carrying the meaning of “with the characteristics of...”.

Derived terms[edit]