가로지다

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᄅᆞ디다 (Yale: kolo ti-ta). Equivalent to 가로 (garo, horizontal) +‎ 지다 (jida, to fall, also a suffix). "To die an unnatural death" is calque of Chinese 橫死 (literally to die horizontally).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?garojida
Revised Romanization (translit.)?galojida
McCune–Reischauer?karojida
Yale Romanization?kalocita

Verb[edit]

가로지다 (garojida) (infinitive 가로져 or 가로지어, sequential 가로지니)

  1. (Early Modern, obsolete) to die an unnatural death
    Synonym: 횡사(橫死)하다 (hoengsahada)
    Antonym: 세지다 (sejida)
    • 1812, “Song 218”, in 청구영언 장서각본/靑丘永言藏書閣本 [Jangseogak edition of the Cheonggu yeong'eon]:
      ᄀᆞ로지나 셰지나 () 죽은 ()ㅣ면 아더냐 / 죽은 무덤 가나 ᄆᆡ나 []
      Garojina syejina jyung-e jugeun hu-imyeon nwi adeonya / na jugeun mudeom uh-e batch-eul gana non-eul maena []
      Whether I die before my time or of old age, who will remember me when I am gone? Over my grave, shall they will plow their fields, or weed their paddies of rice []

Adjective[edit]

가로지다 (garojida) (infinitive 가로져 or 가로지어, sequential 가로지니)

  1. to be laid out horizontally
    Antonym: 세로지다 (serojida)

Conjugation[edit]