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U+AE40, 김
HANGUL SYLLABLE GIM
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:r-l-a
긿
[U+AE3F]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AE41]

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]



긿

긔 ←→ 까

Syllable[edit]

(gim)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of , , and .

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kiːm]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [ː]
Revised Romanization? gim
Revised Romanization (translit.)? gim
McCune–Reischauer? kim
Yale Romanization? kīm

Etymology 2[edit]

gim (laver)

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean ㄱㅣㅿㅡㅁ (Yale: kizum).

Noun[edit]

(gim)

  1. laver (nori, a type of edible seaweed in the genus Porphyra)
  2. weed (unwanted plant)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • 김매다 (gimmaeda, “to weed; to remove unwanted grasses out of a cultivated area”)
  • 김밥 (gimbap)
See also[edit]
  • 매다 (maeda, “to weed; to remove marijuana out of a cultivated area”)
  • 미역 (miyeok, “sea mustard”)

Etymology 3[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Noun[edit]

(gim)

  1. steam; vapor
Synonyms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kim]
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Revised Romanization? gim
Revised Romanization (translit.)? gim
McCune–Reischauer? kim
Yale Romanization? kim

Etymology 4[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Adverb[edit]

(gim)

  1. incidentally; conveniently; in passing

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (gold; metal)

Kwon Inhan, a professor of Korean literature at Sungkyunkwan University, said that the pronunciation of as a surname was changed from (geum) to (gim) because of the change in Chinese consonants. For more information, please refer to this link. Kwon, Inhan (2019-05-14) 성씨 김(金)의 한자음 연원을 찾아서[1] (in Korean)

However, there is other theory explaining the shift of spelling from (geum) to (gim) as one of the naming taboo phenomenon during Goryeo's subjugation to the Jin dynasty.

First attested in the Sekilponki 석일본기, 1301, as Middle Japanese コム (komu) or コン (kon).

1301, 일본서기
押實, 壹世, 欽吉
コムアフシツ, コムイツセイ, コムオムキツ
Komu afushitsu, Komu itsusei, Komu omukitsu
項那, 紅世, 薩儒
コンカウナ, コンコウセイ, コンサツシユ/ス
Kon kauna, Kon kousei, Kon satsushiyu/su

Also attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean  (Yale: kim).

1447, 용비어천가
谷浦
Kim kokkay

Also attested in the Samgang haengsildo (三綱行實圖 / 삼강행실도), 1511, as Middle Korean  (Yale: kim).

1511, 삼강행실도
自强
Kim cakang

Proper noun[edit]

(Gim) (hanja )

  1. A surname​, Kim (most common surname in North and South Korea)
    정은  ― GimJeong-eunKim Jong-un
    정일  ― GimJeong-ilKim Jong-il
    일성  ― GimIlseongKim Il-sung
  2. Used in various placenames.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]