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U+AE40, 김
HANGUL SYLLABLE GIM
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:r-l-a
긿
[U+AE3F]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AE41]

Korean[edit]



긿

긔 ←→ 까

Etymology 1[edit]

(gim, “laver”)

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 기ᅀᅳᆷ (Yale: kizum).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ki(ː)m]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gim
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gim
McCune–Reischauer?kim
Yale Romanization?kīm

South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 김 / 김까지

Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes low pitch, and heightens the pitch of two subsequent suffixed syllables.

Noun[edit]

(gim)

  1. laver (nori, a type of edible seaweed in the genus Porphyra)
    Synonym: (rare) 해태(海苔) (haetae)
  2. weed (unwanted plant)
    Synonym: 잡풀(雜풀) (jappul)
Derived terms[edit]
  • 김밥 (gimbap)
  • 김매다 (gimmaeda, “to weed; to remove unwanted grasses out of a cultivated area”)
See also[edit]
  • 매다 (maeda, “to weed; to remove marijuana out of a cultivated area”)
  • 미역 (miyeok, “sea mustard”)

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 김〯 (Yale: kǐm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ki(ː)m]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gim
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gim
McCune–Reischauer?kim
Yale Romanization?kīm

South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 김 / 김까지

Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes low pitch, and heightens the pitch of two subsequent suffixed syllables.

Noun[edit]

(gim)

  1. steam; vapor
    Synonyms: 증기(蒸氣) (jeunggi, vapour), 수증기(水蒸氣) (sujeunggi, steam)

Etymology 3[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gim
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gim
McCune–Reischauer?kim
Yale Romanization?kim

Adverb[edit]

(gim)

  1. incidentally; conveniently; in passing

Etymology 4[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (gold; metal).

Kwon Inhan, a professor of Korean literature at Sungkyunkwan University, said that the pronunciation of as a surname was changed from (geum) to (gim) because of the change in Chinese consonants. For more information, please refer to this link. Kwon, Inhan (2019-05-14) 성씨 김(金)의 한자음 연원을 찾아서[1] (in Korean)

However, there is other theory explaining the shift of spelling from (geum) to (gim) as one of the naming taboo phenomenon during Goryeo's subjugation to the Jin dynasty.

First attested in the Sekilponki 석일본기, 1301, as Middle Japanese コム (komu) or コン (kon).

1301, 일본서기
押實, 壹世, 欽吉
コムアフシツ, コムイツセイ, コムオムキツ
Komu afushitsu, Komu itsusei, Komu omukitsu
項那, 紅世, 薩儒
コンカウナ, コンコウセイ, コンサツシユ/ス
Kon kauna, Kon kousei, Kon satsushiyu/su

Also attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean  (Yale: kim).

1447, 용비어천가
谷浦
Kim kokkay

Also attested in the Samgang haengsildo (三綱行實圖 / 삼강행실도), 1511, as Middle Korean  (Yale: kim).

1511, 삼강행실도
自强
Kim cakang

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gim
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gim
McCune–Reischauer?kim
Yale Romanization?kim

Proper noun[edit]

(Gim) (hanja )

  1. A surname​, Kim (most common surname in North and South Korea)
    일성 (日成)Gim IlseongKim Il-sung
    정일 (正日)Gim Jeong-ilKim Jong-il
    정은 (正恩)Gim Jeong-eunKim Jong-un
  2. Used in various placenames.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]