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U+91C7, 采
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-91C7

[U+91C6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+91C8]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 165 +1, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月木 (BD), four-corner 20904, composition)

  1. collect, gather
  2. pick, pluck, select

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1290, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40116
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1790, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3898, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+91C7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
采-oracle.svg 采-bronze.svg 采-bigseal.svg 采-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰɯːʔ
*sʰɯːʔ
*sʰɯːʔ
*sʰɯːʔ
*sʰɯːʔ
*sʰɯːʔ
*sʰɯːs
*sʰɯːs
*sʰɯːs

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  – a hand (爪, 爫) picking from a tree (木).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰʌiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰəiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɒiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰəjX/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰᴀiX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɒiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑ̆iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cǎi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cǎi cǎi
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshojX › ‹ tshojX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.r̥ˤəʔ/ /*s.r̥ˤəʔ/
English gather, pluck colorful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1070
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰɯːʔ/
Definitions[edit]

  1. to pick
  2. to choose
  3. to collect
  4. to exploit
  5. to gain
  6. to accept
  7. thing
  8. official position
  9. currency
  10. tomb
  11. color
  12. colored cloth
  13. literary talent
  14. luster
  15. beautiful in words but poor in contents
  16. complexion
  17. expression
  18. wager
  19. oak
  20. to drag
  21. to heed
  22. vine
  23. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. fief
Compounds[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. a die, dice

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さい, rōmaji sai)

  1. a die, dice

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chae) (hangeul , revised chae, McCune-Reischauer ch'ae, Yale chay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.