complexion

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See also: complexión and complex ion

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English complexion (temperament), from Old French complexion, French complexion, from Latin complexiō (a combination, connection, period), from complecti, past participle complexus (to entwine, encompass)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

complexion (plural complexions)

  1. (obsolete, medicine) The combination of humours making up one's physiological "temperament", being either hot or cold, and moist or dry.
  2. The quality, colour, or appearance of the skin on the face.
    a rugged complexion;  a sunburnt complexion
    • 1596-99?, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, act II, scene i:
      Prince of Morocco: Mislike me not for my complexion, / The shadow’d livery of the burnish’d sun, / To whom I am a neighbour, and near bred. [...]
    • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314, page 0108:
      This new-comer was a man who in any company would have seemed striking. In complexion fair, and with blue or gray eyes, he was tall as any Viking, as broad in the shoulder.
  3. (figuratively) The outward appearance of something.
  4. Outlook, attitude, or point of view.
    • 1844, E. A. Poe, Marginalia
      But the purely marginal jottings, done with no eye to the Memorandum Book, have a distinct complexion, and not only a distinct purpose, but none at all; this it is which imparts to them a value.
  5. (loanword, especially in scientific works translated from German) An arrangement.
    • 1909, Ludwig Boltzmann, translated by Kim Sharp and Franz Matschinsky
      Second there is the level at which the energy or velocity components of each molecule are specified. He calls this a Komplexion, which we translate literally as complexion.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

complexion (third-person singular simple present complexions, present participle complexioning, simple past and past participle complexioned)

  1. (transitive) To give a colour to.
    • 2003, Leland Krauth, Mark Twain & Company: Six Literary Relations (page 118)
      From the pale refinement of her genteel heroine to the sallow complexioning of poor white trash, Stowe colors her narrative with the hues of the body.

Further reading[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First known attestation circa 1120[1], borrowed from Latin complexiō.

Noun[edit]

complexion f (oblique plural complexions, nominative singular complexion, nominative plural complexions)

  1. (medicine) complexion (combination of humours making up one's physiological "temperament")

References[edit]

  1. ^ complexion” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).