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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(person) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 人大金火 (OKCF), four-corner 24296, composition)

  1. companion, colleague
  2. officials
  3. bureaucracy
  4. a pretty face

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 116, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 248, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 218, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+50DA

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (僚), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 蕭
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 落蕭切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/leu/ /lieu/ /leu/ /leu/ /lɛw/ /lieu/ /leu/
Character (僚), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 力小切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liᴇuX/ /li̯ɛuX/ /liɛuX/ /liɛuX/ /liawX/ /lĭɛuX/ /ljæuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
liáo ‹ lew › /*[r]ˤew/ office or position

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8084 2 /*rewʔ/
8095 2 /*reːw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. colleague
  2. official
  3. companion

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryo) (hangeul , revised ryo, McCune-Reischauer ryo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(liêu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.