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U+50DA, 僚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-50DA

[U+50D9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+50DB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 人大金火 (OKCF), four-corner 24296, composition)

  1. companion, colleague
  2. officials
  3. bureaucracy
  4. a pretty face

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 116, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 248, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 218, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+50DA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*reːw, *reːw
*reːwʔ, *reːws
*reːwʔ, *ʔr'eːwʔ, *reːw
*reːwʔ
*reːwʔ, *reːw
*rew, *rewʔ, *rews
*rewʔ, *reːw, *reːwʔ
*rewʔ, *reːw, *reːws
*rewʔ, *reːw, *reːwʔ
*rewʔ, *reːwʔ
*rewʔ, *reːw
*rewʔ, *reːw, *reːws
*rews
*rews, *reːw
*rews, *reːw
*reːw
*reːw, *reːwʔ
*reːw, *reːw, *reːws
*reːw
*reːw
*reːw
*reːw, *reːws
*reːw
*reːw, *reːwʔ
*reːw
*reːwʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rewʔ, *reːw): semantic  (person) + phonetic .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (93) (91)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/leu/ /liᴇuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/leu/ /liɛuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/leu/ /ljæuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛw/ /liawX/
Li
Rong
/leu/ /liɛuX/
Wang
Li
/lieu/ /lĭɛuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lieu/ /li̯ɛuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liáo liǎo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liáo
Middle
Chinese
‹ lew ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˤew/
English office or position

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8084 8095
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rewʔ/ /*reːw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. colleague
  2. official
  3. companion

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ryo) (hangeul , revised ryo, McCune-Reischauer ryo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(liêu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.