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U+5308, 匈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5308

[U+5307]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5309]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 20, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 心山大 (PUK), four-corner 27720, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 151, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2512
  • Dae Jaweon: page 340, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 258, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5308

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
匈-silk.svg 匈-seal.svg 匈-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰos
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ, *qʰoŋʔ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ, *qʰoŋʔ
*qʰoŋ
*qʰoŋ, *qʰoŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰoŋ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *qʰoŋ). The derivative refers to the original word.

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“chest; thorax; breast; bosom; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/huawŋ/
Li
Rong
/xioŋ/
Wang
Li
/xĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiōng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13890
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰoŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Hun, Hunnic
  2. Short for 匈牙利 (Xiōngyálì, “Hungary, Hungarian”).
  3. Alternative form of (xiōng, “famine”).
  4. Alternative form of (xiōng, “fearful; fierce; ferocious”).

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This character is only used in some proper nouns and is not productive in modern Chinese. See 匈奴 (Xiōngnú) and 匈牙利 (Xiōngyálì).


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きょう, rōmaji kyō)

  1. Abbreviation of 匈牙利. Hungary

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyung)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: hyung, McCune–Reischauer: hyung)
    • Name (hangeul): 오랑캐 (revised: orangkae, McCune–Reischauer: orangk'ae)
  1. barbarian
  2. savage
  3. foreigner

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.