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U+7D22, 索
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D22

[U+7D21]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D23]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十月女戈火 (JBVIF), four-corner 40903, composition)

  1. large rope, cable
  2. rules, laws
  3. to demand, to exact
  4. to search, inquire
  5. isolated

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 918, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27306
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1349, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3369, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7D22

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*slaːɡ, *sraːɡ, *sreːɡ
*slaːɡ, *sraːɡ, *sreːɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

From Austroasiatic; compare Proto-Vietic *ɟaːk (rope) (> Vietnamese chạc), Mon ဇုက် (string; cord; rope; lashing; creeper) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • soh - vernacular;
  • sok/sek - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (16)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sak̚/
Li
Rong
/sɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/sɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
suǒ
Middle
Chinese
‹ sak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˤak/
English twist a rope

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 12191
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*slaːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. rope; cable
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 繩子 (“string; rope; cord”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 繩索
Mandarin Beijing 繩子繩兒
Jinan 繩子
Xi'an 繩子
Wuhan 繩子索子
Chengdu 繩子索子
Yangzhou 繩子
Hefei 繩子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (Weitou) 繩仔
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 繩子索子
Hakka Meixian 索仔索嫲
Xingning 索嫲
Huidong 索仔索嫲
Qujiang 索子索嫲
Xiaosanjiang 索仔索嫲
Changting 索子
Pingyu
Wuping 索子
Liancheng 索子
Ninghua 索子
Ruijin 索子
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 索仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 索仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 索仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 索仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong 索嫲
Jin Taiyuan 繩子
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 索仔
Quanzhou 索仔
Zhangzhou 索仔
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha 繩子索子
Shuangfeng 繩子索子

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𡩡

Ultimately Austroasiatic; compare Khmer (, white; to show something clearly); cognate with (OC *saːs, “colourless; plain”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • soh/sak - vernacular;
  • sok/sek - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Initial () (21) (21)
Final () (115) (119)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠiæk̚/ /ʃˠɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚiak̚/ /ʃᵚæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiak̚/ /ʃɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂiajk̚/ /ʂəɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/ʃiɐk̚/ /ʃɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/ʃĭɐk̚/ /ʃæk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂiɐk̚/ /ʂæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shi she
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
suǒ
Middle
Chinese
‹ sak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˤak/
English search (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
No. 12193 12195
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𡩡
Old
Chinese
/*sraːɡ/ /*sreːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to search; to inquire into
  2. to request; to demand

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (16)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sak̚/
Li
Rong
/sɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/sɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 12191
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*slaːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, of a female) beautiful; pretty; hot; sexually attractive

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. string, thread

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(saek, sak) (hangeul , , revised saek, sak, McCune-Reischauer saek, sak, Yale sayk, sak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sách, tác, xách)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.