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U+7D22, 索
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D22

[U+7D21]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D23]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120, +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十月女戈火 (JBVIF), four-corner 40903, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 918, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27306
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1349, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3369, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7D22

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*slaːɡ, *sraːɡ, *sreːɡ
*slaːɡ, *sraːɡ, *sreːɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

From Austroasiatic; compare Proto-Vietic *ɟaːk (rope) (> Vietnamese chạc), Mon ဇုက် (string; cord; rope; lashing; creeper) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • soh - vernacular;
  • sok/sek - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (103)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɑk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sɑk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /sɑk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /sɑk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /sɑk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    suo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    suǒ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ˁak/
    English twist a rope

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 12191
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*slaːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. rope; cable
    2. (Teochew) to climb; to clamber
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of 繩子 (“string; rope; cord”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese ,
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 繩索
    Mandarin Beijing 繩子, 繩兒
    Jinan 繩子
    Xi'an 繩子
    Wuhan 繩子, 索子
    Chengdu 繩子, 索子
    Yangzhou 繩子
    Hefei , 繩子
    Cantonese Guangzhou ,
    Hong Kong , 繩仔
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) , 繩仔
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou) , 繩仔
    Macau
    Panyu
    Huadu (Huashan)
    Conghua
    Zengcheng
    Foshan
    Nanhai (Shatou)
    Shunde
    Sanshui
    Gaoming (Mingcheng)
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Zhuhai (Qianshan)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Doumen
    Jiangmen (Baisha)
    Xinhui
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Enping (Niujiang)
    Heshan (Yayao)
    Dongguan
    Bao'an (Shajing)
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning ,
    Yulin
    Danzhou
    Gan Nanchang 繩子, 索子
    Hakka Meixian 索仔, 索嫲
    Xingning , 索嫲
    Huidong (Daling) 索仔, 索嫲
    Qujiang 索子, 索嫲
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 索仔, 索嫲
    Changting 索子
    Pingyu
    Wuping 索子
    Liancheng 索子
    Ninghua 索子
    Ruijin 索子,
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 索仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 索仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 索仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 索仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong 索嫲
    Jin Taiyuan 繩子
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Fu'an
    Min Nan Xiamen 索仔,
    Quanzhou 索仔,
    Zhangzhou 索仔,
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha 繩子, 索子
    Shuangfeng 繩子, 索子

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms 𡩡

    Ultimately Austroasiatic; compare Khmer (sɑɑ, white; to show something clearly); cognate with (OC *saːs, “colourless; plain”) (Schuessler, 2007).

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Note:
    • soh/sak - vernacular;
    • sok/sek - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3 3/3
    Initial () (21) (21)
    Final () (115) (119)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠiæk̚/ /ʃˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚiak̚/ /ʃᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃiak̚/ /ʃɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂiajk̚/ /ʂəɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃiɐk̚/ /ʃɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃĭɐk̚/ /ʃæk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂiɐk̚/ /ʂæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shi she
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    suǒ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ˁak/
    English search (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3 3/3
    No. 12193 12195
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𡩡
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sraːɡ/ /*sreːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to search; to inquire into
    2. to request; to demand

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (103)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɑk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sɑk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /sɑk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /sɑk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /sɑk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    suo
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 12191
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*slaːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. A surname​.

    Etymology 4[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
    Particularly: “From , ?”

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese, of a female) beautiful; pretty; hot; sexually attractive

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. string, thread

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (saek, sak) (hangeul , , revised saek, sak, McCune–Reischauer saek, sak, Yale sayk, sak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (sách, tác, xách)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.